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The NO+O3 reaction: A triple oxygen isotope perspective on the reaction dynamics and atmospheric implications for the transfer of the ozone isotope anomaly

Abstract : Atmospheric nitrate shows a large oxygen isotope anomaly (Δ 17O), characterized by an excess enrichment of 17O over 18O, similar to the ozone molecule. Modeling and observations assign this specific isotopic composition mainly to the photochemical steady state that exists in the atmosphere between ozone and nitrate precursors, namely, the nitrogen oxides (NOx=NO+NO2). However, this transfer is poorly quantified and is built on unverified assumptions about which oxygen atoms of ozone are transferred to NOx, greatly weakening any interpretation of the nitrate oxygen isotopic composition in terms of chemical reaction pathways and the oxidation state of the atmosphere. With the aim to improve our understanding and quantify how nitrate inherits this unusual isotopic composition, we have carried out a triple isotope study of the reaction NO+O3. Using ozone intramolecular isotope distributions available in the literature, we have found that the central atom of the ozone is abstracted by NO with a probability of (8+/-5)%(+/-2σ) at room temperature. This result is at least qualitatively supported by dynamical reaction experiments, the non-Arrhenius behavior of the kinetic rate of this reaction, and the kinetic isotope fractionation factor. Finally, we have established the transfer function of the isotope anomaly of O3 to NO2, which is described by the linear relationship Δ 17O(NO2)=A×Δ 17O(O3)+B, with A=1.18+/-0.07(+/-1σ) and B=(6.6+/-1.5)‰(+/-1σ). Such a relationship can be easily incorporated into models dealing with the propagation of the ozone isotope anomaly among oxygen-bearing species in the atmosphere and should help to better interpret the oxygen isotope anomaly of atmospheric nitrate in terms of its formation reaction pathways.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-00381056
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 5, 2009 - 10:15:32 AM
Last modification on : Friday, September 25, 2020 - 9:16:02 AM

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Joel Savarino, S. K. Bhattacharya, Samuel Morin, Mélanie Baroni, Jean-Francois Doussin. The NO+O3 reaction: A triple oxygen isotope perspective on the reaction dynamics and atmospheric implications for the transfer of the ozone isotope anomaly. Journal of Chemical Physics, American Institute of Physics, 2008, 128 (19), pp.194303 à 194303-12. ⟨10.1063/1.2917581⟩. ⟨insu-00381056⟩

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