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Journal Articles Comptes Rendus Géoscience Year : 2005

Glacier fluctuations in the Alps and in the tropical Andes

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Abstract

This paper reports on glacier variations in two mountainous regions of the world, the Alps and the tropical Andes. Available records of snout position and glacier mass balance are compared and interpreted on a climatological basis. In both regions, there is a long-term decreasing trend over the 20th century. The yield of this trend is different from one glacier to the other, depending on geographic and geometric characteristics. Analysing the surface energy balance, net all wave radiation is the main energy flux at the glacier surface. The turbulent fluxes represent an important term with strong positive sensible heat flux in the Alps and strong negative latent heat flux (sublimation) in the Andes. Tropical glaciers are sensitive to inter-annual variations in solid precipitation that affects the albedo, whereas Alpine glaciers are strongly influenced by air temperature changes in the Alps.

Dates and versions

insu-00375173 , version 1 (14-04-2009)

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Christian Vincent, Pierre Ribstein, Vincent Favier, Patrick Wagnon, Bernard Francou, et al.. Glacier fluctuations in the Alps and in the tropical Andes. Comptes Rendus Géoscience, 2005, 337 (1-2), pp.97 à 106. ⟨10.1016/j.crte.2004.08.010⟩. ⟨insu-00375173⟩
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