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Trace elements in Vostok Antarctic ice during the last four climatic cycles

Abstract : Li, V, Cr, Mn, Co, As, Rb, Sr, Ba, Bi and U were determined by inductively coupled plasma sector field mass spectrometry (ICP-SFMS) in various sections of the 3623 m Vostok deep Antarctic ice core dated from 4600 to 410,000 years BP, which corresponds to the last four climatic cycles back to isotopic stage 11.3. Concentrations of all elements were found to be highly variable with low values during interglacial periods and warm interstadials and much higher values during the coldest periods of the last four ice ages. Crustal enrichment factors suggest various sources for the different elements. Rock and soil dust is the dominant source of V, Mn, Rb, Ba and U whatever the period, and of Li, Cr, Co, Sr and As during cold periods. Sea salt aerosol, together with aeolian dust, also contributes significantly to Sr whereas volcanic emissions could provide a significant input for As and Bi especially during warm periods.
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Paolo Gabrielli, Frédéric Planchon, Sungmin Hong, Khang Hyun Lee, Soon Do Hur, et al.. Trace elements in Vostok Antarctic ice during the last four climatic cycles. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Elsevier, 2005, 234 (1-2), pp.249 à 259. ⟨10.1016/j.epsl.2005.03.001⟩. ⟨insu-00374326⟩



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