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Sea-spray deposition in Antarctic coastal and plateau areas from ITASE traverses

Abstract : Sea-salt markers (Na+, Mg2+ and Cl−) were analyzed in recent snow collected at more than 600 sites located in coastal and central areas of East Antarctica (northern Victoria Land-Dome C-Wilkes Land), in order to understand the effect of site remoteness, transport efficiency and depositional and post-depositional processes on the spatial distribution of the primary marine aerosol. Firn-core, snow-pit and 1 m integrated superficial snow samples were collected in the framework of the International Trans-Antarctic Scientific Expeditions (ITASE) project during recent Italian Antarctic Campaigns (1992-2002). The sampling sites were mainly distributed along coast-inland traverses (northern Victoria Land- Dome C) and an east-west transect following the 2100 m contour line (Wilkes Land). At each site, the snow ionic composition was determined. Here, we discuss the distribution of sea-spray components (Na+, Mg2+ and Cl−) as a function of distance from the sea, altitude and accumulation rate, in order to discover the pulling-down rate, possible fractionating phenomena and alternative sources moving inland from coastal areas. Sea-spray depositional fluxes decrease as a function of distance from the sea and altitude. A two-order-of-magnitude decrease occurs in the first 200 km from the sea, corresponding to about 2000 ma.s.l. Correlations of Mg2+ and Cl− with Na+ and trends of Mg2+/Na+ and Cl−/Na+ ratios showed that chloride has other sources than sea spray (HCl) and is affected by post-depositional processes. Accumulation rate higher than 80 kg m−2a−1 preserves the chloride record in the snow. Seaspray atmospheric scavenging is dominated by wet deposition in coastal and inland sites.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 7, 2009 - 11:27:35 AM
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Silvia Benassai, Silvia Becagli, Roberto Gragnani, Olivier Magand, Marco Proposito, et al.. Sea-spray deposition in Antarctic coastal and plateau areas from ITASE traverses. Annals of Glaciology, International Glaciological Society, 2005, 41 (1), pp.32 à 40. ⟨10.3189/172756405781813285⟩. ⟨insu-00373752⟩

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