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Global simulation of the cusp's response to an abrupt change in the IMF direction: comparison with Cluster observations

Abstract : We present the results of three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) and large-scale particle (LSK) simulations of the cusp's response to an abrupt change in the Interplanetary Magnetic Field (IMF) direction observed by the Cluster spacecraft on September 23, 2004 (Escoubet et al., 2007). During this event the four satellites crossed the polar cusp within 2-16 minutes from each other while the IMF rotated from a southward to a northward direction. The first two spacecraft observed typical IMF-southward ion dispersions, while the last one observed both an IMF-southward-like dispersion in the boundary layer and an IMF-northward dispersion in the cusp. First, we use the global MHD simulation to determine the global topology of the magnetic field at different times during the event. In particular, we examine the effects of the IMF turning on the occurrence of multiple reconnection sites and determine their locations. We then investigate the topology predicted by the global MHD simulation by computing a large sample of ion trajectories in the time-dependent MHD electric and magnetic fields and comparing them with ion measurements. We conclude by using the results of the global MHD simulation and LSK computations to discuss how changes in the topology of the dayside magnetosphere affect the sources of the particles precipitating in the cusp.
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Conference papers
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-00360819
Contributor : Béatrice Pibaret-Bourdon <>
Submitted on : Thursday, February 12, 2009 - 10:31:11 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, October 15, 2020 - 3:16:03 AM

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  • HAL Id : insu-00360819, version 1

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J. Berchem, Robert Richard, P. Escoubet, Jean-Michel Bosqued, M. G. Taylor, et al.. Global simulation of the cusp's response to an abrupt change in the IMF direction: comparison with Cluster observations. 37th COSPAR Scientific Assembly, Jul 2008, Montréal, Canada. ⟨insu-00360819⟩

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