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Following the south polar cap recession as viewed by OMEGA/MEX using automatic detection of H2O and CO2 ices

Abstract : In order to understand Mars' current climate it is necessary to detect, characterize and monitor CO2 and H2O at the surface (permanent and seasonal icy deposits) and in the atmosphere (vapor and clouds). Here we will focus on the South Seasonal Polar Cap (SSPC) whose recession was previously observed with different techniques : from earth in the visible range with HST [James 1996], or from MGS spacecraft with MOC images [Benson 2005], in the thermal IR range by the TES [Kieffer 2000], in the near infrared by OMEGA/MEX [Langevin submitted]. The time and space evolutions of the SSPC is a major annual climatic signal both at the global and the regional scales. In particular the measurement of the temporal and spatial distributions of CO2 constrains exchange processes between both surface and atmosphere. This exchange may involve preponderant species : H2O, CO2 and dust. In this work we will apply a new detection technique : "wavanglet" in order to follow the recession of the SSPC thanks to OMEGA/MEX observations. This method was especially developed in the goal to classify a huge dataset, such OMEGA ones. We propose to use "wavanglet" as a supervised automatic classification method that identifies spectral features and classifies the image in spectrally homogeneous units. Additionally we will evaluate quantitative detection limits of "wavanglet" based on synthetic dataset simulating OMEGA spectra in typical situation of the SSPC. This detection limit will be discussed in terms of abundance for H2O and CO2 ices in order to improve the interpretation of the classification. Finally we will present the recession of the SSPC using "wavanglet" and we will compare the results with those of earlier investigation. An interpretation of the similarities and disagreements between those maps will be done.
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Conference papers
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-00358050
Contributor : Béatrice Pibaret-Bourdon <>
Submitted on : Monday, February 2, 2009 - 4:10:02 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 3:48:44 AM

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  • HAL Id : insu-00358050, version 1

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Frederic Schmidt, Sylvain Douté, Bernard Schmitt. Following the south polar cap recession as viewed by OMEGA/MEX using automatic detection of H2O and CO2 ices. European Planetary Science Congress 2006, 2006, Berlin, Germany. ⟨insu-00358050⟩

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