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High and low latitude reconnection signatures in the dayside magnetopause and cusp observed by Cluster-Double Star: six-point measurements

Abstract : During the Spring of 2004 and 2005, the Cluster orbit preferentially sampled the high and mid altitude cusp region in the northern hemisphere and crossed the adjacent mantle region in the southern hemisphere. The Doublestar one, TC-1, spacecraft sampled either the subsolar region of the magnetopause, or southerly latitudes, on a number of passes. In comparison, the Doublestar two, TC-2, spacecraft sampled the low altitude cusp and cleft regions in both hemispheres. We focus on coordinated CLUSTER-Double Star conjunctions for a number of dayside passes to investigate reconnection associated signatures observed at different locations, both in terms of transient FTEs, arising from opened flux ropes during intermittant reconnection, and comparative boundary layer signatures during cusp and magnetopause transitions. We attempt to quantify differences in the structure and dynamics of the magnetopause boundary layer between the spacecraft locations. We also track the polarity and motion of flux tubes implied from the occurance of FTEs, observed at the different spacecraft, in order to map to the most probable reconnection sites under a variety of upstream conditions. In one example, on 6 April 2004, the observations are consistent with ongoing reconnection on the dayside magnetopause during which both Cluster and TC-1, lying north and south of a reconnection line, respectively, observe a series of FTEs. Cluster observes consistently northward moving FTEs with +/- polarity, whereas TC-1 sees FTEs of -/+ polarity. The application of a model designed to track flux tube motion for the observed plasma parameters and prevailing interplanetary conditions confirms the evidence from the observations. This work was borne out of the activities of an ISSI working group on comparative Cluster-Double Star measurements of the dayside magnetosphere (ISSI, Berne, Switzerland).
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Conference papers
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-00356145
Contributor : Béatrice Pibaret-Bourdon <>
Submitted on : Monday, January 26, 2009 - 4:46:10 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, October 15, 2020 - 3:18:48 AM

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  • HAL Id : insu-00356145, version 1

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M.W. Dunlop, M. G. Taylor, Z. Pu, J. A. Davies, Y. Bogdanova, et al.. High and low latitude reconnection signatures in the dayside magnetopause and cusp observed by Cluster-Double Star: six-point measurements. American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2005, 2005, San Francisco, United States. ⟨insu-00356145⟩

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