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Three-dimensional seismic tomography from P wave and S wave microearthquake travel times and rock physics characterization of the Campi Flegrei Caldera

Abstract : The Campi Flegrei (CF) Caldera experiences dramatic ground deformations unsurpassed anywhere in the world. The source responsible for this phenomenon is still debated. With the aim of exploring the structure of the caldera as well as the role of hydrothermal fluids on velocity changes, a multidisciplinary approach dealing with three-dimensional delay time tomography and rock physics characterization has been followed. Selected seismic data were modeled by using a tomographic method based on an accurate finite difference travel time computation which simultaneously inverts P wave and S wave first-arrival times for both velocity model parameters and hypocenter locations. The retrieved P wave and S wave velocity images as well as the deduced V p /V s images were interpreted by using experimental measurements of rock physical properties on CF samples to take into account steam/water phase transition mechanisms affecting P wave and S wave velocities. Also, modeling of petrophysical properties for site-relevant rocks constrains the role of overpressured fluids on velocity. A flat and low V p /V s anomaly lies at 4 km depth under the city of Pozzuoli. Earthquakes are located at the top of this anomaly. This anomaly implies the presence of fractured overpressured gas-bearing formations and excludes the presence of melted rocks. At shallow depth, a high V p /V s anomaly located at 1 km suggests the presence of rocks containing fluids in the liquid phase. Finally, maps of the V p *V s product show a high V p *V s horseshoe-shaped anomaly located at 2 km depth. It is consistent with gravity data and well data and might constitute the on-land remainder of the caldera rim, detected below sea level by tomography using active source seismic data.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-00355213
Contributor : Pascale Talour <>
Submitted on : Thursday, January 22, 2009 - 1:37:01 PM
Last modification on : Monday, October 12, 2020 - 11:10:18 AM

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T. Vanorio, J. Virieux, P. Capuano, G. Russo. Three-dimensional seismic tomography from P wave and S wave microearthquake travel times and rock physics characterization of the Campi Flegrei Caldera. Journal of Geophysical Research, American Geophysical Union, 2005, 110, pp.B03201. ⟨10.1029/2004JB003102⟩. ⟨insu-00355213⟩

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