L. Améglio, J. L. Vigneresse, and J. L. Bouchez, Granite Pluton Geometry and Emplacement Mode Inferred from Combined Fabric and Gravity Data, pp.199-214, 1997.
DOI : 10.1007/978-94-017-1717-5_13

A. Aranguren, J. M. Tubia, J. L. Bouchez, and J. L. Vigneresse, The Guitiriz granite, Variscan belt of northern Spain: extension-controlled emplacement of magma during tectonic escape, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.139, issue.1-2, pp.165-176, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/0012-821X(95)00239-9

C. Aug, Modélisation géologique 3D et caractérisation des incertitudes par la méthode du champ de potentiel, 2004.

E. Be-mezème, M. Faure, A. Cocherie, and Y. Chen, In situ chemical dating of tectonothermal events in the French Variscan Belt, situ chemical dating of tectonothermal events in the French Variscan Belt, pp.420-426, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/S0012-821X(99)00146-6

E. Be-mezème, A. Cocherie, M. Faure, O. Legendre, and P. Rossi, Electron microprobe monazite geochronology of magmatic events: Examples from Variscan migmatites and granitoids, pp.3-4, 2006.

E. Be-mezème, M. Faure, Y. Chen, A. Cocherie, and J. Talbot, Structural, AMS and geochronological study of a laccolith emplaced during Late Variscan orogenic extension: the Rocles pluton, SE French Massif Central) International Journal of Earth Sciences, pp.10-1007, 2006.

K. Benn, N. M. Ham, G. S. Pignotta, and W. Bleeker, Emplacement and deformation of granites during transpression: magnetic fabrics of the Archean Sparrow pluton, Slave Province, Canada, Journal of Structural Geology, vol.20, issue.9-10, pp.9-10, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0191-8141(98)00065-0

K. Benn, S. R. Paterson, S. P. Lund, G. S. Pignotta, and S. Kruse, Magmatic fabrics in batholiths as markers of regional strains and plate kinematics: example of the Cretaceous Mt. Stuart batholith, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Part A: Solid Earth and Geodesy, vol.26, issue.4-5, pp.343-354, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S1464-1895(01)00064-3

J. L. Blès, D. Bonijoly, C. Castaing, and Y. Gros, Successive post-Variscan stress fields in the French Massif Central and its borders (Western European plate): comparison with geodynamic data, Tectonophysics, vol.169, issue.1-3, pp.79-111, 1989.
DOI : 10.1016/0040-1951(89)90185-6

D. Bonijoly and C. Castaing, Ouverture et évolution structurale de quelques bassins houillers de directions orthogonales, pp.189-200, 1987.

G. J. Borradaile and B. Henry, Tectonic applications of magnetic susceptibility and its anisotropy, Earth-Science Reviews, vol.42, issue.1-2, pp.1-2, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0012-8252(96)00044-X

G. J. Borradaile, T. Werner, and F. Lagroix, Magnetic fabrics and anisotropy-controlled thrusting in the Kapuskasing Structural Zone, Canada, Magnetic fabrics and anisotropycontrolled thrusting in the Kapuskasing Structural Zone, pp.241-256, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0040-1951(98)00292-3

G. J. Borradaile and M. Jackson, Anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility (AMS): magnetic petrofabrics of deformed rocks, Geological Society, London, Special Publications, vol.238, issue.1, 2004.
DOI : 10.1144/GSL.SP.2004.238.01.18

&. M. Aubourg and . Jackson, Magnetic Fabric:Methods and Applications, Geological Society London, Special Publication, vol.238, pp.299-360

M. Bosch, A. Guillen, and P. Ledru, Lithologic tomography: an application to geophysical data from the Cadomian belt of northern Brittany, France, Tectonophysics, vol.331, issue.1-2, pp.197-228, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0040-1951(00)00243-2

J. L. Bouchez, G. Gleizes, T. Djouadi, and P. Rochette, Microstructure and magnetic susceptibility applied to emplacement kinematics of granites: the example of the foix pluton (French pyrenees), Tectonophysics, pp.157-171, 1990.
DOI : 10.1016/0040-1951(90)90051-9

J. L. Bouchez, Granite is never isotropic: An introduction to AMS studies of granitic rocks Granite: From segregation of melt to emplacement fabrics, 1997.

J. L. Bouchez, Anisotropie de susceptibilité magnétique et fabrique des granites, Comptes Rendus de l, Académie des Sciences, vol.330, pp.1-14, 2000.

I. Braun, J. M. Montel, and C. Nicollet, Electron microprobe dating of monazites from high-grade gneisses and pegmatites of the Kerala Khondalite Belt, southern India, Chemical Geology, vol.146, issue.1-2, pp.65-85, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0009-2541(98)00005-9

J. P. Brun, D. Gapais, J. P. Cogné, P. Ledru, and J. L. Vigneresse, The Flamanville Granite (Northwest France): An unequivocal example of a syntectonically expanding pluton, Geological Journal, vol.75, issue.3-4, pp.271-286, 1990.
DOI : 10.1002/gj.3350250310

J. Burg, J. Brun, and J. Van-den-driessche, Le sillon houiller du Massif Central Français: Faille de transfert pendant l'amincissement crustal de la chaine varisque? Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences Paris, Serie II, vol.311, pp.147-152, 1990.

J. P. Burg, J. Van-den-driessche, and J. P. Brun, Syn-to post thickening in the Variscan Belt of the Western Europe: modes and structural consequences, pp.33-51, 1994.

A. Castro, Structural pattern and ascent model in the Central Extremadura batholith, Hercynian belt, Spain, Journal of Structural Geology, vol.8, issue.6, pp.633-645, 1986.
DOI : 10.1016/0191-8141(86)90069-6

J. D. Clemens and C. K. Mawer, Granitic magma transport by fracture propagation, Tectonophysics, vol.204, issue.3-4, pp.339-360, 1992.
DOI : 10.1016/0040-1951(92)90316-X

M. L. Crawford, K. A. Klepeis, G. Gehrels, and C. Isachsen, Batholith emplacement at mid-crustal levels and its exhumation within an obliquely convergent margin, Tectonophysics, vol.312, issue.1, pp.57-78, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0040-1951(99)00170-5

D. J. Cherniak, E. B. Watson, M. Grove, and T. M. Harrison, Pb diffusion in monazite: a combined RBS/SIMS study, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol.68, issue.4, pp.829-840, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.gca.2003.07.012

J. P. Chilès, C. Aug, A. Guillen, and T. Lees, Modelling the Geometry of Geological Units and its Uncertainty in 3D From Structural Data: The Potential-Field Method, extended abstract in: Orebody Modelling and Strategic Mine Planning, pp.22-24, 2004.

A. Cocherie, O. Legendre, J. J. Peucat, and A. N. Kouamelan, Geochronology of polygenetic monazites constrained by in situ electron microprobe Th-U-total lead determination: implications for lead behaviour in monazite, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol.62, issue.14, pp.2475-2497, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0016-7037(98)00171-9

A. Cocherie and F. Albarède, An improved U-Th-Pb age calculation for electron microprobe dating of monazite, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol.65, issue.24, pp.4509-4522, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0016-7037(01)00753-0

A. Cocherie, E. Be-mezème, O. Legendre, C. M. Fanning, M. Faure et al., Electron-microprobe dating as a tool for determining the closure of Th-U-Pb systems in migmatitic monazites, American Mineralogist, vol.90, issue.4, pp.607-618, 2005.
DOI : 10.2138/am.2005.1303

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00023368

A. Cocherie and O. Legendre, Potential minerals for determining U???Th???Pb chemical age using electron microprobe, Lithos, vol.93, issue.3-4, pp.288-309, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.lithos.2006.03.069

M. Duguet, L. Breton, N. Faure, and M. , P???T paths reconstruction of a collisional event: The example of the Thiviers-Payzac Unit in the Variscan French Massif Central, Lithos, vol.98, issue.1-4, pp.210-232, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.lithos.2007.04.001

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-00149399

D. 'lemos, R. S. Brown, M. Strachan, and R. A. , Granite magma generation, ascent and emplacement within a transpressional orogen, Journal of geological Society, vol.149, pp.487-490, 1992.

B. B. Ellwood and D. B. Wenner, Correlation of magnetic susceptibility with 18O:16O data in orogenic granites of southern Appalachian Piedmont, Earth Planetary Science Letters, vol.59, pp.200-202, 1981.

M. Faure and J. Pons, Crustal thinning recorded by the shape of the, 1991.

A. Gébelin, G. Martelet, M. Brunel, M. Faure, and P. Rossi, Late Hercynian leucogranites modeling as deduced from new gravity data: the example of the Millevaches massif, pp.239-248, 2004.

A. Gébelin, G. Martelet, Y. Chen, M. Brunel, and M. Faure, Structure of late, 2006.

A. Gébelin, M. Brunel, P. Monié, M. Faure, and N. Arnaud, Transpressional tectonics and Carboniferous magmatism in the Limousin, Structural and 40Ar/39Ar investigations, pp.10-1029, 2007.

G. Gleizes, D. Leblanc, and J. Bouchez, Variscan granites of the Pyrenees revisited: their role as syntectonic markers of the orogen, Terra Nova, vol.9, issue.1, pp.38-41, 1997.
DOI : 10.1046/j.1365-3121.1997.d01-9.x

A. Guillen, V. Delos, and P. Ledru, A new method to determine lithology and geometry in depth: 3D litho-inversion of potential fields, p.42, 2000.

A. Guillen, A. Joly, P. Calcagno, G. Courrioux, D. Fitzgerald et al., Coupling 3D Modelling and Forward-Inverse modelling of potential field data (gravity and magnetic data and tensor components, IAMG06, session 12, 2006.

G. Antonio, C. Philippe, C. Gabriel, J. Aurore, and L. Patrick, 3D realistic modelling of geology from field data and geological knowledge, Part II ? Modelling validation using of gravity and magnetic data inversion, Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 2008.

F. Hrouda, Magnetic anisotropy of rocks and its application in geology and geophysics, Geophysical Surveys, pp.37-82, 1982.

D. H. Hutton, A tectonic model for the emplacement of the Main Donegal Granite, NW Ireland, Journal of the Geological Society, vol.139, issue.5, pp.615-631, 1982.
DOI : 10.1144/gsjgs.139.5.0615

D. H. Hutton, ABSTRACT, Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences, vol.2, issue.2-3, pp.452-455, 1988.
DOI : 10.1130/0016-7606(1959)70[671:GEWSRT]2.0.CO;2

M. Jackson and L. Tauxe, Anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility and remanence: developments in the characterization of tectonic, sedimentary, and igneous fabric, Rev Geophys, vol.29, pp.371-376, 1991.

V. Jelinek, Statistical processing of anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility measured on groups of specimens, Studia geoph. et geodetica, pp.50-62, 1978.

V. Jelinek, Characterization of the magnetic fabric of rocks, Tectonophysics, pp.563-567, 1981.

A. Joly, Y. Chen, M. Faure, and G. Martelet, A multidisciplinary study of a syntectonic pluton close to a major lithospheric-scale fault???Relationships between the Montmarault granitic massif and the Sillon Houiller Fault in the Variscan French Massif Central: 1. Geochronology, mineral fabrics, and tectonic implications, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.63, issue.3???4, p.10104, 2007.
DOI : 10.1029/2006JB004745

A. Joly, G. Martelet, Y. Chen, and M. Faure, A multidisciplinary study of a syntectonic pluton close to a major lithospheric-scale fault???Relationships between the Montmarault granitic massif and the Sillon Houiller Fault in the Variscan French Massif Central: 2. Gravity, aeromagnetic investigations, and 3-D geologic modeling, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.275, issue.1???3, p.1404, 2008.
DOI : 10.1029/2006JB004744

C. Lajaunie, G. Courrioux, and L. Manuel, Foliation fields and 3D cartography in geology: Principles of a method based on potential interpolation, Mathematical Geology, vol.5, issue.2, pp.571-584, 1997.
DOI : 10.1007/BF02775087

J. Lardeaux, P. Ledru, I. Daniel, and S. Duchene, The Variscan French, 2001.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-00352699

P. Ledru, G. Courrioux, C. Dallain, J. M. Lardeaux, J. M. Montel et al., The Velay dome (French Massif Central): melt generation and granite emplacement during orogenic evolution, Tectonophysics, vol.342, issue.3-4, pp.3-4, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0040-1951(01)00165-2

J. Letourneur, Le grand Sillon Houiller du plateau central français, p.235, 1953.

Y. Li and D. Oldenburg, 3-D inversion of gravity data, GEOPHYSICS, vol.63, issue.1, pp.109-119, 1998.
DOI : 10.1190/1.1444302

K. R. Ludwig, Users manual for ISOPLOT/EX, version 2. A geochronological toolkit for Microsoft Excel, 1999.

J. Malavielle, S. Guihot, S. Costa, J. Lardeaux, and V. Gardien, Collapse of the thickened Variscan crust in the French Massif Central: Mont Pilat extensional shear zone and St. Etienne Late Carboniferous basin, Tectonophysics, vol.177, issue.1-3, pp.139-149, 1990.
DOI : 10.1016/0040-1951(90)90278-G

K. J. Mccaffrey, Igneous emplacement in a transpressive shear zone: Ox Mountains igneous complex, Journal of the Geological Society, vol.149, issue.2, pp.221-235, 1992.
DOI : 10.1144/gsjgs.149.2.0221

B. A. Mcnulty, O. T. Tobisch, A. R. Cruden, and S. Gilder, Multistage emplacement of the Mount Givens pluton, central Sierra Nevada batholith, California, Geological Society of America Bulletin, vol.112, issue.1, pp.119-135, 1130.
DOI : 10.1130/0016-7606(2000)112<119:MEOTMG>2.0.CO;2

J. Malavieille, Late Orogenic extension in mountain belts: Insights from the basin and range and the Late Paleozoic Variscan Belt, Tectonics, vol.300, issue.10, pp.1115-1130, 1993.
DOI : 10.1029/93TC01129

G. Martelet, Modélisation de la structure crustale et du comportement mécanique de la lithosphère à partir des anomalies gravimétriques, p.45, 1999.

G. Martelet, N. Debeglia, and C. Truffert, Homog??n??isation et validation des corrections de terrain gravim??triques jusqu'?? la distance de 167??km sur l'ensemble de la France, Comptes Rendus Geoscience, vol.334, issue.7, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S1631-0713(02)01779-0

. France, Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences, pp.449-454

P. Matte, La chaîne varisque parmi les chaînes paléozoïques péri atlantiques, modèle d'évolution et position des grands blocs continentaux au Permo ?Carbonifère, pp.9-24, 1986.

V. Menichetti and A. Guillen, SIMULTANEOUS INTERACTIVE MAGNETIC AND GRAVITY INVERSION*, Geophysical Prospecting, vol.27, issue.6, pp.929-944, 1983.
DOI : 10.1190/1.1440786

J. Montel, S. Foret, M. Veschambre, C. Nicollet, and A. Provost, Electron microprobe dating of monazite, Chemical Geology, vol.131, issue.1-4, pp.37-53, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/0009-2541(96)00024-1

J. Montel, J. Kornprobst, and D. Vielzeuf, Preservation of old U-Th-Pb ages in shielded monazite: example from the Beni Bousera Hercynian kinzigites (Morocco), Journal of Metamorphic Geology, vol.304, issue.3, pp.335-342, 2000.
DOI : 10.1046/j.1525-1314.2000.00261.x

K. Mosegaard and A. Tarantola, Monte Carlo sampling of solutions to inverse problems, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.10, issue.6, pp.124321-12447, 1995.
DOI : 10.1029/94JB03097

K. Najoui, A. Leyreloup, and P. Monié, Condition et âge de mise en place des granitoïdes de la zone externe sud du massif central Français: étude pétro-structurale et géochronologique des roches de leurs auréoles de contact, 2000.

S. Neves and A. Vauchez, Magma emplacement and shear zone nucleation and development in northeast Brazil (Fazenda Nova and Pernambuco shear zones; State of Pernambuco), Journal of South American Earth Sciences, vol.8, issue.3-4, pp.289-298, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/0895-9811(95)00014-7

P. Olivier and L. Ameglio, Structure et mise en place en régime décrochant puis rotation tardi-magmatique des plutons granitiques hercyniens du Veinazés et de Marcolés (Châtaigneraie, Massif central français), pp.207-218, 2002.

R. R. Parrish, U???Pb dating of monazite and its application to geological problems, Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, vol.27, issue.11, pp.1431-1450, 1990.
DOI : 10.1139/e90-152

F. Paris and M. Robardet, Early Palaeozoic palaeobiogeography of the Variscan regions, Tectonophysics, vol.177, issue.1-3, pp.1-3, 1990.
DOI : 10.1016/0040-1951(90)90281-C

S. R. Paterson, R. H. Vernon, and O. T. Tobisch, A review of criteria for the identification of magmatic and tectonic foliations in granitoids, Journal of Structural Geology, vol.11, issue.3, pp.349-363, 1989.
DOI : 10.1016/0191-8141(89)90074-6

S. R. Paterson and K. L. Schmidt, Is there a close spatial relationship between faults and plutons?, Journal of Structural Geology, vol.21, issue.8-9, pp.1131-1142, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0191-8141(99)00024-3

G. S. Pignotta and K. Benn, Magnetic fabric of the Barrington Passage pluton, Meguma Terrane, Nova Scotia: a two-stage fabric history of syntectonic emplacement, Tectonophysics, vol.307, issue.1-2, pp.75-92, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0040-1951(99)00119-5

A. Pommier, A. Cocherie, and O. Legendre, EPMA Dating User's Manual: Age Calculation from Electron Probe Microanalyser Measurements of U?Th?Pb, BRGM Documents, p.pp, 2002.

P. Rochette, M. Jackson, and C. Aubourg, Rock magnetism and the interpretation of anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility, Reviews of Geophysics, vol.63, issue.3, pp.209-226, 1992.
DOI : 10.1029/92RG00733

P. Rochette, C. Aubourg, and M. Perrin, Is this magnetic fabric normal? A review and case studies in volcanic formations, Tectonophysics, vol.307, issue.1-2, pp.1-2, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0040-1951(99)00127-4

K. Suzuki and M. Adachi, The chemical Th ? U ? total Pb isochron ages of zircon and monazite from the gray granite of the Hida terrane, Journal of Earth Science, vol.38, pp.11-37, 1991.

J. Y. Talbot, G. Martelet, G. Courrioux, Y. Chen, and M. Faure, Emplacement in an extensional setting of the Mont Loz??re???Borne granitic complex (SE France) inferred from comprehensive AMS, structural and gravity studies, Journal of Structural Geology, vol.26, issue.1, pp.11-28, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/S0191-8141(03)00083-X

J. Talbot, Y. Chen, and M. Faure, A magnetic fabric study of the Aigoual?, 2005.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00023496

J. Y. Talbot, M. Faure, Y. Chen, and G. Martelet, Pull-apart emplacement of the Margeride granitic complex (French Massif Central). Implications for the late evolution of the Variscan orogen, Journal of Structural Geology, vol.27, issue.9, pp.1610-1629, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jsg.2005.05.008

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00023495

A. Tarantola and B. Valette, Inverse Problems = Quest for Information, J. Geophys, vol.50, pp.159-170, 1982.

D. H. Tarling and F. Hrouda, The magnetic anisotropy of rocks, pp.1-217, 1993.

B. Tikoff and C. Teyssier, Crustal-scale, en echelon "P-shear" tensional bridges: A possible solution to the batholithic room problem, 020<0927: CSEEPS>2.3.CO, pp.927-9300091, 1130.
DOI : 10.1130/0091-7613(1992)020<0927:CSEEPS>2.3.CO;2

B. Tikoff, Transpressional shearing and strike-slip partitioning in the Late Cretaceous Sierra Nevada magmatic arc, California, Tectonics, pp.442-459, 1997.

O. Vanderhaege and C. Teyssier, Partial melting and flow of orogens, Tectonophysics, vol.342, issue.3-4, pp.451-472, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0040-1951(01)00175-5

R. H. Vernon, Review of Microstructural Evidence of Magmatic and Solid-State Flow, Visual Geosciences, vol.5, issue.2, p.49, 2000.
DOI : 10.1007/s10069-000-0002-3

J. Vigneresse and J. Brun, Les leucogranites armoricains marqueurs de la deformation regionale; apport de la gravimetrie, Bulletin de la Societe Geologique de France, vol.7, issue.3, pp.357-366, 1983.
DOI : 10.2113/gssgfbull.S7-XXV.3.357

J. L. Vigneresse, Use and misuse of geophysical data to determine the shape at depth of granitic intrusions, Geological Journal, vol.74, issue.3-4, pp.249-260, 1990.
DOI : 10.1002/gj.3350250308

J. L. Vigneresse and J. L. Bouchez, Successive Granitic Magma Batches During Pluton Emplacement: the Case of Cabeza de Araya (Spain), Journal of Petrology, vol.38, issue.12, pp.1767-1776, 1997.
DOI : 10.1093/petroj/38.12.1767

G. Vivier, Etude pétrographique et géochronologique de la Châtaigneraie (Massif Central Français, 1970.

G. Vivier and M. Lasseyre, Age hercynien des granites de la Chataigneraie (SW du Massif Central francais), Bulletin de la Societe Geologique de France, vol.7, issue.3-4, pp.3-4, 1973.
DOI : 10.2113/gssgfbull.S7-XV.3-4.283

I. Wendt and C. Carl, The statistical distribution of the mean squared weighted deviation, Chemical Geology: Isotope Geoscience section, vol.86, issue.4, pp.275-285, 1991.
DOI : 10.1016/0168-9622(91)90010-T

M. L. Williams, K. E. Scheltema, and M. J. Jercinovic, High-resolution compositional mapping of matrix phases: implications for mass transfer during crenulation cleavage development in the Moretown Formation, western Massachusetts, Journal of Structural Geology, vol.23, issue.6-7, pp.923-939, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0191-8141(00)00164-4

M. L. William and M. J. Jercinovic, Microprobe monazite geochronology: putting absolute time into microstructural analysis, Journal of Structural Geology, vol.24, issue.6-7, pp.1013-1028, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0191-8141(01)00088-8

K. Zapletal, Low field susceptibility anisotropy of some biotite crystals, Physics Earth Planetary Interiors Figures and tables Figure 1. Structural map of the Glénat, Omps and Boisset plutons (a), pp.85-97, 1990.

. Boisset-granites, The upper raw images (a, b) illustrate the textural relationships of monazite grains with the surrounding minerals. Monazite is included in biotite or along biotite grain boundary. The lack of U-Th zonation in monazite complies with a single stage of crystallization (c, d)