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New archaeointensity results from archaeological sites and variation of the geomagnetic field intensity for the last 7 millennia in Greece

Abstract : In this study six new intensity determinations are presented, obtained from five well dated archaeological sites, located in northern Greece and in Paros, Cyclades Islands. The fired structures consisted of ceramic and pottery kilns belonging to the Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine periods. Between 8 and 21 samples of highly fired baked clays, tiles and bricks were taken, homogeneously distributed over the structures. The samples were analysed using the classical Thellier method, providing the past intensities and directions of the geomagnetic field recorded at each site. The intensity values have been corrected for anisotropy of thermal remanent magnetisation and cooling rate effects. Differences in the mean archaeointensities per site ranging from 1% to 11%, before and after TRM anisotropy and cooling rate corrections, were obtained. The new results indicate a decrease of 20% of the geomagnetic field strength in Greece, during the last four centuries BC. In order to compare our results with previously published data, a catalogue of archaeo- and palaeointensity results for the Aegean area has been established, covering the last 7 millennia. It consists of 336 data from Greece, western Turkey and Former Yugoslavia, collected from various authors. Weighting factors have been applied to these data, that then have been treated with a hierarchical Bayesian modelling, and a geomagnetic field intensity variation curve for Greece was constructed. A good agreement is observed when comparing the curve for Greece with the Bulgarian secular variation curve (SVC) for intensity. Satisfactory coincidence is also found with the archaeointensity data from Mesopotamia. Despite the presence of some time gaps, a more precise secular variation intensity curve has been constructed for Greece which, combined with a forthcoming directional SVC, will help for dating purposes.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-00322673
Contributor : Isabelle Dubigeon <>
Submitted on : Thursday, September 18, 2008 - 1:31:57 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 5, 2019 - 8:03:07 PM

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E. Marco De, V. Spatharas, Miriam Gomez-Paccard, Annick Chauvin, D. Kondopoulou. New archaeointensity results from archaeological sites and variation of the geomagnetic field intensity for the last 7 millennia in Greece. Physics and Chemistry of The Earth, Elsevier, 2008, 33 (6-7), pp.578-595. ⟨10.1016/j.pce.2008.02.025⟩. ⟨insu-00322673⟩

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