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Age of the source of the Jarrafa gravity and magnetic anomalies offshore Libya and its geodynamic implications

Abstract : The interpretation of the Jarrafa magnetic and gravity highs, NW Libyan offshore, suggests that it may be caused by a body of high-density and high magnetization. Analysis of their power spectra indicates two groups of sources at: (1) 2.7 km depth, probably related to the igneous rocks, some of which were penetrated in the JA-1 borehole, (2) 5 km depth, corresponding to the top of the causative body and (3) 10 km depth, probably referring to the local basement depth. The boundary analysis derived from applied horizontal gradient to both gravity and magnetic data reveals lineaments many of which can be related to geological structures (grabens, horsts and faults). The poor correlation between pseudogravity fields for induced magnetization and observed gravity fields strongly suggests that the causative structure has a remanent magnetization (D = -16°, I = 23°) of Early Cretaceous age, fitting with the opening of the Neo Tethys 3 Ocean. Three-dimensional interpretation techniques indicate that the magnetic source of the Jarrafa magnetic anomaly has a magnetization intensity of 0.46 A/m, which is required to simulate the amplitude of the observed magnetic anomaly. The magnetic model shows that it has a base level at 15 km. The history of the area combined with the analysis and interpretation of the gravity and magnetic data suggests that: (1) the source of the Jarrafa anomaly is a mafic igneous rock and it may have formed during an Early Cretaceous extensional phase and (2) the Jarrafa basin was left-laterally sheared along the WNW Hercynian North Graben Fault Zone, during its reactivation in the Early Cretaceous.
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 15, 2008 - 2:35:41 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 5, 2019 - 8:03:13 PM

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Giuma Reeh, Tahar Aifa. Age of the source of the Jarrafa gravity and magnetic anomalies offshore Libya and its geodynamic implications. Journal of Geodynamics, Elsevier, 2008, 45 (4-5), pp.217-233. ⟨10.1016/j.jog.2008.01.001⟩. ⟨insu-00279853⟩

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