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Journal Articles Geophysical Journal International Year : 2006

Mechanics of normal fault networks subject to slip-weakening friction

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Abstract

We seek to understand how the stress interactions and the slip-weakening process combine within a non-coplanar, normal fault network to allow a slip instability to develop, and shape the final slip distribution on the system. In a first part, we perform a non-linear spectral analysis to investigate the conditions of stability and the process of slip initiation in an antiplane non-coplanar fault system subject to a slip-dependent friction law. That numerical model allows determining the zones that are able to slip within a fault network, as well as the location of the stress singularities. The resulting slip profiles on the faults show only a few different shapes, some of them with long, linear sections. This leads to formulate a general classification of slip profiles that can be used to infer the degree of fault interaction within any non-coplanar system. In a second part of work, we use our modelling to try reproducing the cumulative slip profiles measured on three real normal interacting faults forming a large-scale en echelon system. For that, we assume that cumulative slip profiles can be compared to the first static modal solution of our conceptual model. We succeed reproducing the profiles quite well using a variable weakening along the faults. Overall, the weakening rate decreases in the direction of propagation of the fault system. Yet, modelling the slip along the propagating, isolated termination segment of the system requires an unlikely distribution of weakening. This suggests that factors not considered in our analysis may contribute to slip profile shaping on isolated, propagating faults.
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Dates and versions

insu-00270324 , version 1 (10-03-2021)

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Sylvie Wolf, Isabelle Manighetti, Michel Campillo, I. R. Ionescu. Mechanics of normal fault networks subject to slip-weakening friction. Geophysical Journal International, 2006, 165 (2), pp.677-691. ⟨10.1111/j.1365-246X.2006.02910.x⟩. ⟨insu-00270324⟩
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