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Seismic noise-based methods for soft-rock landslide characterization

Abstract : In order to better understand the mechanics and dynamic of landslides, it is of primary interest to image correctly their internal structure. Several active geophysical methods are able to provide the geometry of a given landslide, but were rarely applied in 3 dimensions in the past. The main disadvantages of methods like seismic reflection or electrical tomographies are that there are heavy to set up, require for some heavy processing tools to implement, and consequently are expensive and time consuming. Moreover, in the particular case of soft-rock landslides, their respective sensitivity and resolution are not always adequate to locate the potential slip surfaces. The passive methods, which require lighter instrumentation and easier processing tools, can represent an interesting alternative, particularly for difficult accessible landslides. Among them, the seismic noise based methods have shown increasing applications and developments, in particular for seismic hazard mapping in urban environment. In this paper, we present seismic noise investigations carried out on two different sites, a mudslide and a translational clayey landslide where independent measurements (geotechnical and geophysical tests) were performed earlier. Our investigations were composed of H/V measurements, which are fast and easy to perform in the field, in order to image shear wave contrasts (slip surfaces), and seismic noise array method, which is heavier to apply and interpret, but provides S-waves velocity profile versus depth. The comparisons between geophysical investigations and geotechnical information proved the applicability of such passive methods in 3D complexes, but also some limitations. Indeed interpretation of these measurements can be tricky in rough and non-homogeneous terrains.
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 13, 2007 - 11:12:44 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 5:22:09 PM
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Ombeline Méric, Stéphane Garambois, Jean-Philippe Malet, Héloïse Cadet, Philippe Gueguen, et al.. Seismic noise-based methods for soft-rock landslide characterization. Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, Société géologique de France, 2007, 178 (2), pp.137-148. ⟨10.2113/gssgfbull.178.2.137⟩. ⟨insu-00196643⟩

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