A. E. Aksu, R. N. Hiscott, D. Yaar, F. I. Isler, and S. Marsh, Seismic stratigraphy of Late Quaternary deposits from the southwestern Black Sea shelf: evidence for non-catastrophic variations in sea-level during the last ???10???000 yr, Marine Geology, vol.190, issue.1-2, pp.61-94
DOI : 10.1016/S0025-3227(02)00343-2

P. Alfaro, M. Moretti, and J. M. Soria, -(1997) Soft-sediment deformation structures induced by earthquakes (seismites) in pliocene lacustrine deposits (Guadix-Baza Basin, Central Betic Cordillera) Eclogae geol, Helv, vol.90, pp.531-540

J. R. Allen, Earthquake magnitude-frequency, epicentral distance, and soft-sediment deformation in sedimentary basins, Sedimentary Geology, vol.46, issue.1-2, pp.67-75
DOI : 10.1016/0037-0738(86)90006-0

J. R. Allen, -(2001) Principles of physical sedimentology

N. N. Ambraseys, The Seismic Activity of the Marmara Sea Region over the Last 2000 Years, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, vol.92, issue.1, pp.1-18, 2002.
DOI : 10.1785/0120000843

N. N. Ambraseys and C. F. Finkel, Long-term seismicity of Istanbul and of the Marmara Sea region, Terra Nova, vol.23, issue.1, pp.527-539
DOI : 10.2307/2849615

I. Anand and A. K. Jain, -(1987) Earthquakes and deformational structures (seismites) in Holocene sediments from the Himalayan-Andaman Arc, pp.105-125

R. Armijo, B. Meyer, A. Hubert, and A. Barka, Westward propagation of the North Anatolian fault into the northern Aegean: Timing and kinematics, Geology, vol.27, issue.3, pp.267-270
DOI : 10.1130/0091-7613(1999)027<0267:WPOTNA>2.3.CO;2

R. Armijo, B. Meyer, S. Navarro, G. King, and A. Barka, Asymetric slip partitioning in the Sea of Marmara pull-apart: a clue to propagation processes of the Anatolian Fault, pp.80-86, 2002.

F. Arnaud, V. Lignier, M. Revel, M. Desmet, C. Beck et al., Flood and earthquake disturbance of 210Pb geochronology (Lake Anterne, NW Alps), Terra Nova, vol.14, issue.4, pp.225-232
DOI : 10.1046/j.1365-3121.2002.00413.x

F. Audemard, D. Santis, and F. , ??tude des structures s??dimentaires associ??es ?? des ph??nom??nes de liqu??faction des sols induits par deux ??v??nements sismiques de magnitude moyenne, Bulletin of the International Association of Engineering Geology, vol.147, issue.2, pp.5-16
DOI : 10.1007/BF02602705

A. Barka, -(1996) Slip distribution along the North-Anatolian fault associated with the largest earthquakes of the period 1939 to 1967, Bull. Seism. Soc. Amer, vol.86, pp.1238-1254

C. Beck, Lacustrine sedimentary records of Late Quaternary seismic activity in the northwestern Alps. Case studies and clues for earthquake-origin assessment of sedimentary disturbances. Submitted for " Paleoseismology, 2005.

C. Beck, J. Schneider, M. Cremer, B. Mercier-de-lépinay, N. Çagatay et al., -Late Pleistocene major sedimentary reworking event (homogenite) in the Marmara Sea Central Basin : a combination of Late Glacial high terrigenous supply with a major earthquake ? Preliminary results of giant piston-coring and high-resolution seismic reflection, 2003.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/in2p3-00807742

A. Becker, C. D. Davenport, and D. Giardini, Palaeoseismicity studies on end-Pleistocene and Holocene lake deposits around Basle, Switzerland, Geophysical Journal International, vol.149, issue.3, pp.659-678
DOI : 10.1046/j.1365-246X.2002.01678.x

A. Becker, M. Ferry, M. Schnellmann, and D. Giardini, Multiarchive paleoseismic record of late Pleistocene and Holocene strong earthquakes in Switzerland, Tectonophysics, vol.400, issue.1-4, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.tecto.2005.03.001

A. Ben-menahem, Dating of historical earthquakes by mud profiles of lake-bottom sediments, Nature, vol.11, issue.5565, pp.200-202
DOI : 10.1038/262200a0

A. H. Bouma, Coarse-grained and fine-grained turbidite systems as end member models: applicability and dangers, Marine and Petroleum Geology, vol.17, issue.2, pp.137-143, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0264-8172(99)00020-3

S. Boutareaud, Etude de l'enregistrement sédimentaire de la sismicité: l'exemple de la Mer de Marmara, 2003.

A. J. Bowen, W. R. Normak, and D. J. Piper, -(1984) Modelling of turbidity currents on Navy Submarine Fan, California continental Borderland. Sedimentology, vol.31, pp.169-185

K. Brown and J. Berhmann, -(1990) Genesis and evolution of small-scale structures in the toe of the Barbados Ridge accretionary wedge

N. Ça?atay, N. Görür, O. Algan, C. J. Eastoe, A. Tchapalyga et al., Late Glacial???Holocene palaeoceanography of the Sea of Marmara: timing of connections with the Mediterranean and the Black Seas, Marine Geology, vol.167, issue.3-4, pp.191-206, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0025-3227(00)00031-1

N. Ça?atay, N. Görür, A. Polonia, E. Demirbag, M. Sakinç et al., Sea-level changes and depositional environments in the ??zmit Gulf, eastern Marmara Sea, during the late glacial???Holocene period, Marine Geology, vol.202, issue.3-4, pp.159-173, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0025-3227(03)00259-7

J. P. Calvo, M. Rodriguez-pascua, S. Martin-velasquez, S. Jimenez, D. Vicente et al., Microdeformation of lacustrine laminite sequences from Late Miocene formations of 22, 1998.

J. O. Caselles, M. Moretti, C. J. Alfarao, and J. Clapès, -(1997) Estructuras sedimentarias de deformaciòn (sismitas) inducidas por licuefacciòn con un simulador de terremotos, Geogaceta, Soc. Geol. España, vol.21, pp.67-70

E. Chapron, -(1999) Contrôles climatique et sismo-tectonique de la sédimentation lacustre dans l'Avant-Pays Alpin, Lac du Bourget) durant le Quaternaire récent. Géologie Alpine, Mémoire H.S. n°30, Univ. J. Fourier, p.261

E. Chapron, C. Beck, M. Pourchet, and J. Deconinck, 1822 earthquake-triggered homogenite in Lake Le Bourget (NW Alps), Terra Nova, vol.11, issue.2-3, pp.86-92
DOI : 10.1016/0037-0738(95)00125-5

E. Chapron, P. Van-rensbergen, C. Beck, M. De-batist, and . Paillet, Lacustrine sedimentary record of brutal events in Lake Le Bourget (Northwestern Alps-Southern Jura) Quaternaire, pp.155-168, 1996.

M. B. Cita, A. Camerlenghi, and B. Rimoldi, Deep-sea tsunami deposits in the eastern Mediterranean: New evidence and depositional models, Sedimentary Geology, vol.104, issue.1-4, pp.155-173
DOI : 10.1016/0037-0738(95)00126-3

M. B. Cita and B. Rimoldi, -(1997) Geological and geophysical evidence for a Holocene tsunami deposit in the eastern Mediterranean deep-sea record, J. Geodynamics, pp.1-4293

D. S. Cowan, -(1982) Origin of " Vein Structure " in slope sediments on the inner slope of the Middle America Trench off Guatemala, In Aubouin J

D. Batist, M. Imbo, Y. Vermeesch, P. Klerkx, J. Giralt et al., Bathymetry and sedimentary environments of Lake Issyk-Kul, Kyrghyz Republic (Central Asia): a large, high-altitude, tectonic lake. in « Lake Issyk-Kul : its natural environment, NATO Science Series IV, pp.101-124, 2002.

E. Demirba?, C. Rangin, L. Pichon, X. Engör, and A. M. , Investigation of the tectonics of the Main Marmara Fault by means of deep-towed seismic data, Tectonophysics, vol.361, issue.1-2, pp.1-19, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0040-1951(02)00535-8

R. Doig, A method for determining the frequency of large-magnitude earthquakes using lake sediments, Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, vol.23, issue.7, pp.930-937
DOI : 10.1139/e86-094

R. Doig, Effects of strong seismic shaking in lake sediments, and earthquake recurrence interval, T??miscaming, Quebec, Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, vol.28, issue.9, pp.1349-1352
DOI : 10.1139/e91-118

J. Dolan, C. Beck, and Y. Ogawa, Upslope deposition of extremely distal turbidites: An example from the Tiburon Rise, west-central Atlantic, Geology, vol.17, issue.11, pp.990-994, 1989.
DOI : 10.1130/0091-7613(1989)017<0990:UDOEDT>2.3.CO;2

Z. H. El-isa and H. Mustafa, Earthquake deformations in the Lisan deposits and seismotectonic implications, Geophysical Journal International, vol.86, issue.2, pp.413-424
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-246X.1986.tb03835.x

M. Ergin, M. N. Bodur, and V. Ediger, Distribution of surficial shelf sediments in the northeastern and southwestern parts of the Sea of Marmara: Strait and canyon regimes of the Dardanelles and Bosporus, Marine Geology, vol.96, issue.3-4, pp.313-340
DOI : 10.1016/0025-3227(91)90154-V

M. Ergin, S. Kapur, Z. Karakas, E. Akca, Ö. Kangal et al., Grain size and clay mineralogy of Late Quaternary sediments on a tectonically active shelf, the southern Sea of Marmara: clues to hydrographic, tectonic and climatic evolution, Geological Journal, vol.244, issue.1-2, pp.199-210
DOI : 10.1002/(SICI)1099-1034(199901/06)34:1/2<199::AID-GJ821>3.0.CO;2-9

M. E. Field, J. V. Gardner, A. E. Jennings, and B. D. Edwards, Earthquake-induced sediment failures on a 0.25?? slope, Klamath River delta, California, Geology, vol.10, issue.10, pp.542-546
DOI : 10.1130/0091-7613(1982)10<542:ESFOAS>2.0.CO;2

K. Föhlisch, T. D. Voigt, and B. Mccaffrey, Synsedimentary Deformation in the Lower Muschelkalk of the Germanic Basin, Particulate Gravity Currents, 2001.
DOI : 10.1002/9781444304275.ch20

D. S. Gorsline, D. Diego, T. Nava-sanchez, and E. H. , Seismically triggered turbidites in small margin basins: Alfonso Basin, Western Gulf of California and Santa Monica Basin, California Borderland, Sedimentary Geology, vol.135, issue.1-4, pp.21-35
DOI : 10.1016/S0037-0738(00)00060-9

M. Guiraud and J. Plaziat, -(1993) Seismites in the fluvial Bima sandstones: identificatin of paleoseisms and discussion on their magnitude in a Cretaceous synsedimentary strikeslip basin (upper Benue, Nigeria) Tectonophysics, pp.493-522

M. R. Hempton and J. F. Dewey, Earthquake-induced deformational structures in young lacustrine sediments, East Anatolian Fault, southeast Turkey, Tectonophysics, vol.98, issue.3-4, pp.7-14
DOI : 10.1016/0040-1951(83)90294-9

R. N. Hiscott and A. E. Aksu, Late Quaternary history of the Marmara Sea and Black Sea from high-resolution seismic and gravity-core studies, Marine Geology, vol.190, issue.1-2, pp.261-282, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0025-3227(02)00350-X

G. C. King, Seismic hazard in the Marmara Sea region following the 17, 2000.

C. ?mren, L. Pichon, X. Rangin, C. Demirba?, E. Ecevito?lu et al., The North Anatolian Fault within the Sea of Marmara: a new interpretation based on multi-channel seismic and multi-beam bathymetry data, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.186, issue.2, pp.143-158, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0012-821X(01)00241-2

K. Kastens and M. B. Cita, Tsunami-induced sediment transport in the abyssal Mediterranean Sea, Geological Society of America Bulletin, vol.92, issue.11, pp.845-857
DOI : 10.1130/0016-7606(1981)92<845:TSTITA>2.0.CO;2

P. H. Kuenen, I.--Experiments in Geology, Transactions of the Geological Society of Glasgow, vol.23, issue.centenary, pp.1-28
DOI : 10.1144/transglas.23.centenary.1

P. D. Komar, Hydraulic Jumps in Turbidity Currents, Geological Society of America Bulletin, vol.82, issue.6, pp.1477-1488
DOI : 10.1130/0016-7606(1971)82[1477:HJITC]2.0.CO;2

Y. Kubo, M. W. Yokokawa, B. C. Mccaffrey, and . Kneller, Theoretical study on breaking of waves on antidunes Particulate Gravity Currents, J. Peakall, Edts., Intern. Ass. Sedimentologists Spec. Publ., Blackwell Science, vol.31, pp.65-70, 2001.

L. Pichon, X. Sengor, A. M. Demirbag, E. Rangin, C. Imren et al., The active Main Marmara Fault, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.192, issue.4, pp.595-616, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0012-821X(01)00449-6

V. Lignier, Les sédiments lacustres et l'enregistrement de la paléoséismicité, 2001.

V. Lignier, C. Beck, and E. Chapron, Caractérisation géométique et texturale de perturbations synsédimentaires attribuées à des séismes, dans une formation quaternaire glaciolacustre des Alpes (les " Argiles du Trièves " ), C. R. Acad. Sc. Paris, vol.327, pp.645-652, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/s1251-8050(99)80021-4

C. Major, W. Ryan, G. Lericolais, and I. Hadjas, Constraints on Black Sea outflow to the Sea of Marmara during the last glacial???interglacial transition, Marine Geology, vol.190, issue.1-2, pp.19-34
DOI : 10.1016/S0025-3227(02)00340-7

S. Mcclusky, S. Bassalanian, A. Barka, C. Demir, S. Ergintav et al., Global Positioning System constraints on plate kinematics and dynamics in the eastern Mediterranean and Caucasus, Global positioning system constraints on plate kinematics and dynamics in the eastern Mediterranean and Caucasus, pp.5695-5719, 2002.
DOI : 10.1029/1999JB900351

S. Marco and A. Agnon, Prehistoric earthquake deformations near Masada, Dead Sea graben, Geology, vol.23, issue.8, pp.695-698, 1995.
DOI : 10.1130/0091-7613(1995)023<0695:PEDNMD>2.3.CO;2

M. Moretti, P. Alfaro, O. Caselles, and J. A. Canas, -(1999) Modelling seismites with a digital shaking table, Tectonophysics, vol.304, p.369383

M. Moretti and M. Tropeano, Strutture sedimentarie deformative (sismiti) nei depositi tirreniani di Bari, Mem. Soc. Geol. It, vol.51, pp.485-500, 1996.

N. Mörner, Liquefaction and varve deformation as evidence of paleoseismic events and tsunamis. The autumn 10,430 BP case in Sweden, Quaternary Science Reviews, vol.15, issue.8-9, pp.939-948
DOI : 10.1016/S0277-3791(96)00057-1

T. Mulder and P. Cochonat, -(1996) Classification of offshore mass movements, J. Sediment. Res, vol.66, issue.1, pp.43-57

T. Mulder, J. Tisot, P. Cochonat, and J. Bourillet, Regional assessment of mass failure events in the Baie des Anges, Mediterranean Sea, Marine Geology, vol.122, issue.1-2, pp.29-45, 1994.
DOI : 10.1016/0025-3227(94)90203-8

T. Nakajima and Y. Kanai, Sedimentary features of seismoturbidites triggered by the 1983 and older historical earthquakes in the eastern margin of the Japan Sea, Sedimentary Geology, vol.135, issue.1-4, pp.1-19, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0037-0738(00)00059-2

W. Nemec, Aspects of sediment movement on steep delta slopes Particulate Gravity Currents, A. Colella & D.B. Prior, Edts., Intern. Ass. Sedimentologists Spec. Publ., Blackwell Science, vol.10, pp.29-73, 1990.

S. Obermeier, The New Madrid earthquakes: an engineering-geologic interpretation of relict liquefaction features, U.S. Geol. Surv. Profess. Pap, vol.114, p.1336, 1989.

S. F. Obermeier, N. R. Bleuer, C. A. Munson, P. J. Munson, W. S. Martin et al., Evidence of Strong Earthquake Shaking in the Lower Wabash Valley from Prehistoric Liquefaction Features, Science, vol.251, issue.4997, pp.1061-1063
DOI : 10.1126/science.251.4997.1061

Y. Ogawa and Y. Miyata, -(1985) Vein structure and its deformation history in the sedimentary rocks off the Middle America Trench off Guatemala Printing Office, Init. Rep. D.S.D.P, vol.84, pp.811-829

K. T. Pickering and R. N. Hiscott, Contained (reflected) turbidity currents from the Middle Ordovician Cloridorme Formation, Quebec, Canada: an alternative to the antidune hypothesis, Sedimentology, vol.37, issue.3, pp.373-394
DOI : 10.1017/S0022112065000630

D. J. Piper, P. Cochonat, G. Ollier, L. Drezen, E. Morrison et al., -(1992) Evolution progressive d'un glissement rotationnel en un courant de turbidité : cas du séisme de 1929 des Grands Bancs (Terre Neuve), C.R. Acad. Sc. Paris, vol.314, pp.1057-1064

J. Plaziat, B. H. Purser, and E. Philobbos, Diversity of neogene seismites of the northwest Red Sea (Egypt): a characteristic sedimentary expression of rifting, Tectonophysics, vol.153, issue.1-4, p.295
DOI : 10.1016/0040-1951(88)90021-2

B. R. Pratt, Syneresis cracks: subaqueous shrinkage in argillaceous sediments caused by earthquake-induced dewatering, Sedimentary Geology, vol.117, issue.1-2, pp.1-10, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0037-0738(98)00023-2

C. Rangin, E. Demirbag, C. Imren, A. Crusson, A. Normand et al., (2001) Marine Atlas of the Sea of Marmara (Turkey). IFREMER

P. S. Ringrose, Palaeoseismic (?) liquefaction event in late Quaternary lake sediment at Glen Roy, Scotland, Terra Nova, vol.136, issue.1, pp.57-62, 1989.
DOI : 10.1038/297213a0

M. A. Rodriguez-pascua, J. P. Calvo, D. Vicente, G. Gòmez-gras, and D. , -(2002) Soft-sediment deformation structures interpreted as seismites in lacustrine sediments of the Prebetic Zone, SE Spain, and their potential use as indicators of earthquake magnitudes during the Late Miocene, Sedimentary Geol, vol.135, pp.1-4117

T. B. Roep and A. J. Everts, -(1992) Pillow-beds: a new type of seismite ? An example from an Oligocene turbidite fan complex, pp.711-724

M. Séguret, P. Labaume, and R. Madariaga, Eocene seismicity in the Pyrenees from megaturbidites of the South Pyrenean Basin (Spain), Marine Geology, vol.55, issue.1-2, pp.117-131, 1984.
DOI : 10.1016/0025-3227(84)90136-1

A. Seilacher, Sedimentary structures tentatively attributed to seismic events, Marine Geology, vol.55, issue.1-2, pp.1-12, 1984.
DOI : 10.1016/0025-3227(84)90129-4

K. Fukuyama, Sedimentary features of the seismo-turbidites, Lake Biwa, Japan. Sediment. Geol, vol.135, pp.37-50, 2000.

C. Siegenthaler, W. Finger, K. Kelts, and S. Wang, -(1987) Earthquake and seiche deposits in Lake Lucerne, Switzerland. Eclog. geol. Helv, vol.80, pp.241-260

J. Sims, Earthquake-Induced Structures in Sediments of Van Norman Lake, San Fernando, California, Science, vol.182, issue.4108, pp.161-163
DOI : 10.1126/science.182.4108.161

J. Sims, Determining earthquake recurrence intervals from deformational structures in young lacustrine sediments, Tectonophysics, vol.29, issue.1-4, pp.141-152
DOI : 10.1016/0040-1951(75)90139-0

D. J. Stanley, Unifites: structureless muds of gravity-flow origin in Mediterranean basins, Geo-Marine Letters, vol.57, issue.2, pp.77-83, 1981.
DOI : 10.1007/BF02463322

D. J. Stanley and A. Maldonado, Depositional models for fine-grained sediment in the western Hellenic Trench, Eastern Mediterranean, Sedimentology, vol.63, issue.2, pp.273-290
DOI : 10.1016/0377-8398(77)90017-2

R. S. Stein, A. Barka, and J. H. Dieterich, Progressive failure on the North Anatolian fault since 1939 by earthquake stress triggering, Geophysical Journal International, vol.128, issue.3, pp.594-604
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-246X.1997.tb05321.x

D. A. Stow and A. Wetzel, Hemiturbidite: A New Type of Deep-Water Sediment, Proc. Ocean Drilling Program, pp.25-34, 1990.
DOI : 10.2973/odp.proc.sr.116.152.1990

J. P. Syvitski and C. T. Schafer, Evidence for an earthquake-triggered basin collapse in Saguenay Fjord, Canada, Sedimentary Geology, vol.104, issue.1-4, pp.127-153
DOI : 10.1016/0037-0738(95)00125-5

L. Tolun, M. N. Ça?atay, and W. J. Carrigan, Organic geochemistry and origin of Late Glacial???Holocene sapropelic layers and associated sediments in Marmara Sea, Marine Geology, vol.190, issue.1-2, pp.47-60, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0025-3227(02)00342-0

M. Tuttle and L. Seeber, -(1991) Historic and prehistoric earthquake-induced liquefaction in Newbury, Massachusetts. Geology, vol.19, pp.594-597

A. J. Van-loon, K. Brodzikowski, and T. Zielinski, -(1995) Shock-induced resuspension deposits from a pleistocene proglacial lake (Kleszczow graben, central Poland), J. Sedimentary Res, vol.65, issue.2, pp.417-422

E. Vittori, S. Labini, and L. Serva, Palaeoseismology: review of the state-of-the-art, Tectonophysics, vol.193, issue.1-3, pp.9-32
DOI : 10.1016/0040-1951(91)90185-U

H. K. Wong, T. Lüdmann, A. Ulug, and N. Görür, -(1995) The Sea of Marmara: a plate boundary sea in an escape tectonic regime, pp.231-250