Microstructures and rheology of hydrous synthetic magmatic suspensions deformed in torsion at high pressure.

Abstract : The relationship between magma rheology and characteristic magmatic microstructures was investigated by performing high-temperature high-pressure deformation experiments on hydrous synthetic magmatic suspensions in the range of 0% to 76% solid fraction (alumina grains). Torsion experiments were conducted at 300 MPa confining pressure, temperatures ranging from 475°C to 1000°C and shear strain rates from 2.0x10-5 to 2.1x10-3 s-1 up to total strains of 21.3. Flow is Newtonian for a solid fraction of Φs = 0.0-0.16 with a log dynamic viscosity Η = 10.3 Pa.s (T = 500°C). A deviation from Newtonian behavior is observed for Φs > 0.16 with an increase in apparent viscosity of about one order of magnitude between Φs = 0.16 and 0.54. The shape fabric of the solid phase is characterized by a unimodal orientation that is almost stable and nearly parallel to the shear direction. Both shape fabric and deviation from Newtonian behavior originate from the increase in the number of particle clusters in the suspension. The apparent viscosity increases by 1.5 orders of magnitude between Φs = 0.54 and 0.65 and extrapolation of the data suggests a very sharp increase in apparent viscosity for Φs ≥ 0.65. At T ≥ 550°C and Φs = 0.54, the solid phase forms an almost entirely connected network composed of two alternating orientation domains. At T ≤ 550°C and Φs = 0.65, intragranular fracturing and tensile fractures result from high local stresses at contact points between neighboring particles. The resulting bulk extensional fabric is almost parallel to the shortening direction.
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Laurent Arbaret, Misha Bystricky, Rémi Champallier. Microstructures and rheology of hydrous synthetic magmatic suspensions deformed in torsion at high pressure.. Journal of Geophysical Research, American Geophysical Union, 2007, 112 (B10208), pp.1-24. ⟨10.1029/2006JB004856⟩. ⟨insu-00170264⟩

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