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Étude de la sédimentation lacustre d'un site de forêt d'altitude des Andes centrales (Bolivie); implications paléoclimatiques

Abstract : A sedimentological study of a 755 cm length core sampled in the middle of a marshy depression surrounded by a cloud forest in the central Andes reveals that this site has recorded important environmental variations during the last 50000 years. For the most part (625 cm) the core is composed of detrital rich sediments deposited during the Upper Pleistocene. The highest amount of detrital influx underlines the Last Glacial Maximum which ranges from ca 29,000 14 C yr B.P. to ca 16,000 14 C yr B.P. (ca 18,500 cal yr B.P.), between two relatively humid phases. The sedimentation of the present Interglacial, starting at ca 12,500 14 C yr B.P. (14,500 cal yr B.P.), is mainly organic, as a consequence of the great development of soils and the forest vegetal cover all over the catchment area. The maximum extension of this vegetal cover ranging from 12,500 to ca 10,500 14 C yr B.P. (14,500 and 12,400 cal yr B.P.) is followed from 10,500 to 8,000 14 C yr B.P. (12,400 and 8,800 cal yr B.P.) by a drier period as revealed by the occurrence of micro-charcoals in the sediment. Between ca 8,000 and 4,000 14 C yr B.P. (8,800 and 4,500 cal yr B.P.), the sharp increase of micro-charcoals content, likely related to palaeofires, underlines an intensification of this dry trend.
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Contributor : Nathalie POTHIER Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, April 19, 2007 - 9:29:28 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, November 16, 2021 - 4:09:16 AM


  • HAL Id : hal-00142422, version 1


Abdelfettah Sifeddine, Jacques Bertaux, Philippe Mourguiart, Louis Martin, Jean-Robert Disnar, et al.. Étude de la sédimentation lacustre d'un site de forêt d'altitude des Andes centrales (Bolivie); implications paléoclimatiques. Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, 1998, 169 (3), pp.395-402. ⟨hal-00142422⟩



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