Paleomagnetic study of French Guyana Early Jurassic dolerites: hypothesis of a multistage magmatic event

Abstract : A detailed paleomagnetic and anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility (AMS) study was carried out on 34 sites of Early Jurassic dolerite dykes from French Guyana, which formed during the initial opening of the Central Atlantic Ocean. Four types of AMS fabrics are recognized: (i) ‘Normal' fabric (21 dykes) defined by clustering of K1–K2 axes on the dyke plane whereas the K3 axis is nearly perpendicular to it. This fabric is interpreted as due to magma flow. The sub-horizontal inclination of the K1 axis permitted to suggest that the French Guyana dykes could be fed by horizontal magma fluxes from a distant magma source. (ii) ‘Reversal' fabric (8 dykes) is characterized by the K2–K3 plane close to the dyke plane and the K1 perpendicular to dyke orientation. Such fabric was attributed to the local shearing stress. (iii) ‘Intermediate' fabric (1 dyke) is defined by K1–K3 axes close to the dyke plane and K2 axis is perpendicular to this plane. It was interpreted as due to vertical compaction of a static magma column. (iiii) ‘Other' fabric (4 dykes) does not show any preferential orientation. Scanning electronic microscope and susceptibility versus temperature experiments show that minerals of the titanomagnetite family are main magnetic remanence carriers. Two magnetic components were isolated. Ages of magnetic remanences are estimated at 198.3±2.0 Ma to 192.3±1.5 Ma. Their virtual geomagnetic poles are calculated, Pole A: λ=73.2°N, φ=15.3°E, k=288.8, A95=3.4°, n=8, and Pole B: λ=81.6°N, φ=89.1°E, k=69.8, A95=4.2°, n=18. These two groups probably correspond to two distinct magmatic events which occurred in a short period. This hypothesis is consistent with published 40Ar–39Ar radiometric ages though with ‘mini plateau' spectra. These paleomagnetic results suggest the presence of magmatic pulses led to the construction of the Central Atlantic Magmatic Province in French Guyana during the Early Jurassic.
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Sébastien Nomade, Hervé Théveniaut, Yan Chen, André Pouclet, Christophe Rigollet. Paleomagnetic study of French Guyana Early Jurassic dolerites: hypothesis of a multistage magmatic event. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Elsevier, 2000, 184, pp.155-168. ⟨10.1016/S0012-821X(00)00305-8⟩. ⟨hal-00115153⟩

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