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Dehydroxylation of Fe3+, Mg-rich dioctahedral micas: (II) cation migration

Abstract : The quantitative interpretation of the reflection intensities of the SAED patterns of glauconites reveals the mechanism of migration of the octahedral sheet cations during heating up to 750°C. It confirms that Mg2+ has a greater ability than Fe3+ to migrate from cis- to trans-sites, as previously found by means of XRD pattern modelling. For samples heated to 650°C, the two formerly vacant trans-sites in the base-centred unit-cell become occupied, but differently, which leads to a primitive unit-cell, and the cis- sites remain filled almost entirely by Fe3+ only. The cation migration occurs through the nearest shared edges in the (010) and (310) directions. The samples heated to 750°C reveal a base-centred super-cell with A = 3 a and B = b. All Mg cations leave the cis sites to occupy completely four of the six available trans-sites of the super-cell. Migration also occurs through the shared edges in the (010) and (310) directions. The primitive unit-cell is not an intermediate step in the migration process leading to the super-cell. The existence of additional satellites in the SAED patterns of some crystals heated to 750°C corresponds to the existence of antiphase domains with a 3b/2 width and an antiphase shift of a/2.
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Submitted on : Monday, November 20, 2006 - 2:32:39 PM
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Fabrice Muller, Victor A. Drits, I. Tsipursky, Alain Plançon. Dehydroxylation of Fe3+, Mg-rich dioctahedral micas: (II) cation migration. Clay Minerals, 2000, 35, pp.505-514. ⟨10.1180/000985500546972⟩. ⟨hal-00115148⟩



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