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Phase equilibrium constraints on the production and storage of peralkaline silicic magmas: insights from Kenya and Pantelleria.

Abstract : The origin of peralkaline silicic rocks is still obscure and stands perhaps as one of the last major unsettled issues in classic igneous petrology. The debate goes back to the end of the 18th century and despite intensive petrological, geochemical and laboratory efforts the consensus has yet to emerge as to which mechanisms produce peralkaline derivatives. Bowen (1937) first proposed that the shift from metaluminous to peralkaline field was due to extensive fractionation of calcic plagioclase. Perhaps the best illustration of such an hypothesis is provided by the Boina rock series in the Ethiopian rift studied by Barberi et al. (1975). However, such an hypothesis still awaits experimental confirmation. A different view has been expressed for the origin of peralkaline rhyolites erupted in the central part of the Kenya Rift Valley. There, a partial melting of crustal protoliths has been advocated on the basis of geochemical arguments (Macdonald et al., 1987). The origin of peralkaline rocks at Pantelleria, the type locality of peralkaline rhyolites, is also a matter of debate. Mahood et al (1990) have proposed an origin via partial melting of Fe-rich differentiates of transitional basalts, whilst Civetta et al. (1998) have argued that pantellerites could be produced via extensive fractionation of their putative parent basalts. The diversity of opinions reflects in part that, presumably, there is not only one mechanism at work. But it is also due to the fact that most experimental studies devoted to the clarification of this problem have failed in producing decisive arguments during more than one century of intense debate.
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 5, 2006 - 10:49:52 AM
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Bruno Scaillet, Ray Macdonald, Vincenzo Buccheri, Silvio G. Rotolo, Michel Pichavant. Phase equilibrium constraints on the production and storage of peralkaline silicic magmas: insights from Kenya and Pantelleria.. Peralkaline rocks: sources, economic potential and evolution of alkaline melts., 2005, Tuebingen, Germany. ⟨hal-00103716⟩

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