Shear strain localization from the upper mantle to the middle crust of the Kohistan Arc (Pakistan). - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Geological Society Special Publication Year : 2005

Shear strain localization from the upper mantle to the middle crust of the Kohistan Arc (Pakistan).

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Abstract

Shear structures from mantle to middle crust levels of the Kohistan palaeo-island arc, in Pakistan, are described. Pre-Himalayan ductile shear zones show a wide variety in size and shape, and developed from gabbro subsolidus to amphibolite facies conditions. Their lithological context and geological history give insights into mechanisms that initiate shear strain localization, factors that control stabilization of deformation in shear zones and flow properties at the mantle–crust transition. Shear strain localization began within compositional gradients. Gabbros were more prone to localization into anastomosing patterns than diorites and granites, which show more homogeneous strain. Shear strain localization during cooling led to less numerous but longer and thicker shear zones. Viscous heating within shear zones resulted in melt production and segregation in deformation structures, and seems to have taken part in the plutonic history of the arc. Using Kohistan as an example, we suggest that the plutonic, lower crust of arcs is strongly affected by subhorizontal, synmagmatic shear zones, probably consistent with the bulk flow direction of the subduction zone. These features can obviously be preserved in collision orogens and may be mistaken for structures documenting the continental collision.

Dates and versions

hal-00090463 , version 1 (31-08-2006)

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Jean-Pierre Burg, Laurent Arbaret, N. Chaudry, H. Dawood, S. Hussains, et al.. Shear strain localization from the upper mantle to the middle crust of the Kohistan Arc (Pakistan).. Geological Society Special Publication, 2005, 245, pp.25-38. ⟨10.1144/GSL.SP.2005.245.01.02⟩. ⟨hal-00090463⟩
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