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Basalt-inherited microlites in silicic magmas: evidence from Mt. Pelée (Martinique, F.W.I.).

Abstract : During magma ascent in the volcanic conduit, the decompression of a silicic melt may result in the crystallization of morphologically and compositionally specific crystals, designated as microlites. Hence, microlites have been considered as probes of mechanisms and timescales of magma ascent. Some microlites, however, appear to be in strong thermodynamic disequilibrium with their surrounding melt. We present here an experimental data set revealing that these microlites actually grew prior to ascent during mafic recharge of the magma chamber. These microlites have therefore no genetic relation with decompression-induced crystallization processes. Their presence may affect the rheological properties of the melt, as well as crystal growth mechanisms and kinetics during magma ascent.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00081453
Contributor : Nathalie Pothier <>
Submitted on : Friday, June 23, 2006 - 11:53:18 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 21, 2019 - 2:00:20 AM

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Caroline Martel, Ahmed Radadi Ali, Stéphane Poussineau, Alain Gourgaud, Michel Pichavant. Basalt-inherited microlites in silicic magmas: evidence from Mt. Pelée (Martinique, F.W.I.).. Geology, Geological Society of America, 2006, 34, pp.905-008. ⟨10.1130/G22672A.1⟩. ⟨hal-00081453⟩

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