Fluid evolution in the Baia Mare gold/polymetallic epithermal district (Inner Carpathians, Romania).

Abstract : The Baia Mare district (Romania) represents a complex segment of the Neogene/Quaternary, subduction-related, volcanic chain of the Carpathians. In this province, the calc-alkaline volcanism and associated mineralization are closely related to a major strike-slip fault and an underlying pluton. The ore deposits of the district have many features typical of low-sulfidation (or adularia-sericite) epithermal deposits. The combination of fluid-inclusion microthermometry, Raman spectroscopy, bulk crush-leach analysis, laser ablation-optical emission spectrometry (LA-OES) of individual fluid inclusions and stable isotope data has been used to characterize the ore-forming solutions involved with gold/polymetallic mineralization in three of the largest deposits. Ore fluids at Baia Sprie, Cavnic and Sasar deposits had temperatures of 320 to 150 °C and salinities in the range 0-21 wt% NaCl equiv. During phreatomagmatic activity, fracturing and periods of vein dilation, the pressure fluctuations may have caused boiling. The hydrothermal fluids were Na-K-Li-Ca chloride solutions with lesser amounts of SO4 and F. The Na/K ratios and the stable isotope compositions are consistent with equilibration of the fluids with country rocks at progressively lower temperatures. The halogen ratios (Br/Cl2103 in the range 0.13-1.21), together with sulfur isotopic systematics ('34S=0.3-5.2 per mil), are consistent with a dominantly magmatic origin of the solutes, and probably of the ore fluids themselves.
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Submitted on : Monday, May 29, 2006 - 11:38:21 AM
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Luminita Grancea, Laurent Bailly, Jacques Leroy, David Banks, Eric Marcoux, et al.. Fluid evolution in the Baia Mare gold/polymetallic epithermal district (Inner Carpathians, Romania).. Mineralium Deposita, Spinger, 2002, 37, pp.(6-7) 630-647. ⟨10.1007/s00126-002-0276-5⟩. ⟨hal-00076931⟩

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