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Morphology, origin and IR-light microthermometry of fluid inclusions in pyrite from the Radka copper deposit, Bulgaria.

Abstract : Pyrite samples from the Radka epithermal, replacement type, volcanic rock-hosted copper deposit, Bulgaria, have been studied using near-infrared (IR) microscopy. Two generations of pyrite based on their textures, composition and behaviour in IR light can be distinguished. Electron microprobe analyses, X-ray elemental mapping and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy were used to study the relationship between crystal zoning, trace element contents and IR transmittance of pyrite. The observed crystal zoning is related to variable arsenic contents in massive fine-grained and colloform pyrite from the early pyrite-quartz assemblage, and cobalt contents in pyrite crystals from the late quartz-pyrite vein assemblage. There is a negative correlation between trace element content and IR transmittance of pyrite. The IR transparency of pyrite is thus a sensitive indicator of changes in trace element concentrations. Fluid inclusions have only been found in the second pyrite generation. Scanning electron microscopy observations on open fluid inclusion cavities permitted the crystallographic features of vacuoles to be determined. A characteristic feature of primary fluid inclusions in pyrite is a negative crystal habit, shaped mainly by {100}, {111} and {210}. This complicated polyhedral morphology is the reason for the observed opacity of some isometric primary inclusions. Secondary fluid inclusion morphology depends on the nature of the surface of the healed fracture. Recognition of the primary or secondary origin of fluid inclusions is enhanced by using crystallographically oriented sections. Microthermometric measurements of primary inclusions indicate that the second pyrite generation was deposited at maximum P-T conditions of 400 °C and 430 bar and from a fluid of low bulk salinity (3.5-4.6 wt%), possibly KCl-dominant. There are large ranges for homogenisation temperatures in secondary inclusions because of necking-down processes. Decrepitation features of some of pyrite-hosted inclusions and of all inclusions in associated quartz indicate reheating of the veins to 500-550 °C. The late cobalt-rich quartz-pyrite vein assemblage in the Radka deposit may be the shallow manifestation of deeper and genetically related porphyry copper mineralisation. This is a common observation of many intermediate- to high-sulfidation epithermal replacement-type ore bodies in this ore district and possibly the Cretaceous Banat-Srednogorie metallogenic belt in general.
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Submitted on : Monday, May 29, 2006 - 11:13:42 AM
Last modification on : Friday, April 5, 2019 - 8:08:23 PM

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Kalin Kouzmanov, Laurent Bailly, Claire Ramboz, Olivier Rouer, Jean-Michel Bény. Morphology, origin and IR-light microthermometry of fluid inclusions in pyrite from the Radka copper deposit, Bulgaria.. Mineralium Deposita, Spinger, 2002, 37, pp.(6-7) 599-613. ⟨10.1007/s00126-002-0270-y⟩. ⟨hal-00076895⟩

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