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Structural evolution of the southernmost segment of the West European Variscides : the South portuguese Zone (SW Iberia).

Abstract : The South Portuguese Zone (SPZ) represents the southernmost unit of the Iberian Massif. It is mainly composed of three structural domains, from north to south, the Beja–Acebuches Ophiolitic Complex (BAOC), The Pulo do Lobo Antiform (PLA) and the Iberian Pyrite Belt (IPB). This study proposes a structural analysis of the Spanish part of the SPZ that allows us to point out two main kinds of deformation; one accommodated by early top-to-the-south and following sinistral strike-slip tectonics in the northern part of the SPZ and the other by top-to-the-south thrusting in a wide southern branch. This transition, underlining the strain partitioning, is analysed by lattice preferred orientation of quartz using the texture goniometry method. It shows that the deformation is accommodated in the PLA at low to middle temperature by basal and prismatic left angle bracketaright-pointing angle bracket slip. Quartz textures suggest increasing thermal conditions of deformation from thrust to strike-slip tectonics. Our work within the IPB allows us to present a sequence of deformation showing a primary south-verging ductile thrusting and coeval crustal thickening in response to the thin-skinned tectonics. The progressive deformation generated backthrusts while it turns shallower southward. These features are summarised in an interpretative cross-section of the SPZ that underlines the main structural style of deformation, the fore-mentioned southward propagating thin-skinned thrusts.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00072987
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 24, 2006 - 11:31:23 AM
Last modification on : Friday, April 5, 2019 - 8:08:23 PM

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Jérôme Onézime, Jacques Charvet, Michel Faure, Alain Chauvet, Dominique Panis. Structural evolution of the southernmost segment of the West European Variscides : the South portuguese Zone (SW Iberia).. Journal of Structural Geology, Elsevier, 2002, 24, pp.451-468. ⟨10.1016/S0191-8141(01)00079-7⟩. ⟨hal-00072987⟩

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