Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Erroneous maturity assessment given by Tmax and HI Rock-Eval parameters on highly weathered coals.

Abstract : Two sets of mature coals have been collected at outcrop on two dipping coal seams in the Alès Carboniferous coalfield (Massif Central, France). Visual examination, petrographic observations, and Rock-Eval pyrolysis studies unequivocally suggest that these coals have been weathered, the intensity of this alteration increasing progressively towards the soil. According to the reflectance (Rr) values of 1.7–1.8%, these coals have reached low volatile bituminous rank. In contrast to the reflectance, which does not exhibit any marked variation along the studied sections, Tmax, although classically considered as a rank parameter, increases progressively with decreasing distance from the surface. This Tmax increase is accompanied by a decrease in the hydrogen index (HI) and with an increase in oxygen index (OI). All these changes are undoubtedly consequential to weathering. Thus in the present case, Tmax must not be considered as a maturity indicator, but as an oxidation parameter like OI and the O/C atomic ratio. This conclusion is also supported by the positive correlation between Tmax and proportion of oxidised vitrinites (i.e. bearing oxidation marks) provided by maceral analysis. This peculiar behaviour of Tmax in response to the weathering of mature coals is in total contrast with its invariance during low-mature coal alteration. This finding obliges us to moderate or even to revise the conclusions of a previous work on mature coals sampled at outcrop [Int. J. Coal Geol. 44 (2000) 49] where higher Tmax than expected from Rr values, were supposed to have been necessarily caused by warm (and oxidizing) fluids.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadatas
Contributor : Nathalie Pothier <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, May 24, 2006 - 9:53:13 AM
Last modification on : Monday, April 27, 2020 - 4:26:29 PM



Yoann Copard, Jean-Robert Disnar, Jean-François Becq-Giraudon. Erroneous maturity assessment given by Tmax and HI Rock-Eval parameters on highly weathered coals.. International Journal of Coal Geology, Elsevier, 2002, 49, pp.57-65. ⟨10.1016/S0166-5162(01)00065-9⟩. ⟨hal-00072410⟩



Record views