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Petrology of the Lyngdal granodiorite (Southern Norway) and the role of fractional crystallization in the genesis of Proterozoic rapakivi-like granites.

Abstract : In south-western Norway, the Sveconorwegian orogenic thickening (1024–970 Ma) is followed by an important post-collisional magmatism (950–930 Ma), divided in two suites (Vander Auwera et al., 2003): the Anorthosite–Mangerite–Charnockite suite (AMC suite) and the Hornblende–Biotite Granitoids suite (HBG suite). The HBG suite displays a continuous trend from gabbronorites to granites. This paper presents the petrography and geochemistry (major and trace elements, Sr–Nd isotopes) of the Lyngdal granodiorite and associated massifs (Tranevåg and Red Granite massifs) which belong to the HBG suite, although being very close to the anorthosite massifs. Mafic microgranular enclaves (MME), resulting from magma mingling, can be abundant and probably correspond to the parent magma of the studied plutons. The Lyngdal granodiorite and associated massifs are subalkaline, metaluminous A-type granitoids with high FeOt/(FeOt+MgO) ratio and K2O content, forming a ferro-potassic A-type continuous trend from quartz monzodiorite to granite (56–72 wt.% SiO2). In Harker diagrams, the Lyngdal–Tranevåg plutons share the Proterozoic rapakivi granites trend that they extend to lower SiO2 content. Major and trace element modelling, as well as Sr–Nd isotopes, show that fractional crystallisation—without assimilation—is the differentiation process for Lyngdal–Tranevåg. Fractionating minerals are clinopyroxene, hornblende, plagioclase, oxides, biotite, apatite, zircon and allanite. The Red Granite (71–75 wt.% SiO2) does not belong to this trend probably due to a different initial magma composition. This study shows that ferro-potassic A-type granitoids can be derived by fractional crystallisation from mafic magmas.
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Michel Bogaerts, Bruno Scaillet, Jean-Paul Liégeois, Jacqueline Vander Auwera. Petrology of the Lyngdal granodiorite (Southern Norway) and the role of fractional crystallization in the genesis of Proterozoic rapakivi-like granites.. Precambrian Research, Elsevier, 2003, 124, pp.149-184. ⟨10.1016/S0301-9268(03)00085-8⟩. ⟨hal-00069475⟩

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