K. Barber, Peatlands as scientific archives of past biodiversity, Biodiversity and Conservation, vol.2, issue.5, pp.474-89, 1993.
DOI : 10.1007/BF00056743

S. Bourdon, F. Laggoun-défarge, and J. Disnar, Organic matter sources and early diagenetic degradation in a tropical peaty marsh (Tritrivakely, Madagascar). Implications for environmental reconstruction during the Sub-Atlantic, Organic Geochemistry, vol.31, issue.5, pp.421-459, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0146-6380(00)00010-3

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00091221

P. Buckland, Peatland archaeology: a conservation resource on the edge of extinction, Biodiversity and Conservation, vol.24, issue.5, pp.513-540, 1993.
DOI : 10.1007/BF00056745

J. Bugnon, L. Rochefort, and J. Price, Field experiment ofSphagnum reintroduction on a dry abandoned peatland in eastern Canada, Wetlands, vol.14, issue.1, pp.513-530, 1997.
DOI : 10.1007/BF03161517

A. Buttler, P. Grosvernier, and Y. Matthey, Development of Sphagnum fallax diaspores on bare peat with implications for the restoration of cut-over bogs, Journal of Applied Ecology, vol.35, issue.5, pp.800-810, 1998.
DOI : 10.1046/j.1365-2664.1998.355351.x

A. Buttler, B. Warner, P. Grosvernier, and Y. Matthey, Vertical patterns of testate amoebae (Protozoa: Rhizopoda) and peat-forming vegetation on cutover bogs in the Jura, Switzerland, New Phytologist, vol.23, issue.2, pp.371-82, 1996.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1469-8137.1996.tb04642.x

S. Campeau and L. Rochefort, Sphagnum Regeneration on Bare Peat Surfaces: Field and Greenhouse Experiments, The Journal of Applied Ecology, vol.33, issue.3, pp.599-608, 1996.
DOI : 10.2307/2404988

D. Charman, Biostratigraphic and palaeoenvironmental applications of testate amoebae, Quaternary Science Reviews, vol.20, issue.16-17, pp.1753-64, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0277-3791(01)00036-1

R. Clymo, J. Turunen, and K. Tolonen, Carbon Accumulation in Peatland, Oikos, vol.81, issue.2, pp.368-88, 1998.
DOI : 10.2307/3547057

A. Cooper, T. Mccann, and B. Hamill, Vegetation regeneration on blanket mire after mechanized peat-cutting, Global Ecology and Biogeography, vol.11, issue.3, pp.275-89, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0169-2046(96)00366-0

C. Craft and C. Richardson, Recent and Long-Term Organic Soil Accretion and Nutrient Accumulation in the Everglades, Soil Science Society of America Journal, vol.62, issue.3, pp.834-877, 1998.
DOI : 10.2136/sssaj1998.03615995006200030042x

M. Croft, L. Rochefort, and C. Beauchamp, Vacuum-extraction of peatlands disturbs bacterial population and microbial biomass carbon, Applied Soil Ecology, vol.18, issue.1, pp.1-12, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0929-1393(01)00154-8

R. Delarze, Y. Gonseth, and P. Galland, Guide des milieux naturels de Suisse: écologie? menaces?espèces caractéristiques, 1998.

A. Desrochers, L. Rochefort, and J. Savard, Avian recolonization of eastern Canadian bogs after peat mining, Canadian Journal of Zoology, vol.76, issue.6, pp.989-97, 1998.
DOI : 10.1139/z98-028

A. Desrochers, C. Lavoie, S. Pellerin, and M. Poulin, Bog conservation: a Canadian perspective Sustaining our peatlands, Proceedings of the 11 th International Peat Congress, pp.6-12, 2000.

C. Edmonton, Canadian Society of Peat and Peatlands & International Peat Society, pp.1034-1071

R. Egelmark, Man and the peat: a Swedish perspective Sustaining our peatlands, Proceedings of the 11th International Peat Congress, 2000.

E. Feldmeyer-christe, N. Schnyder, and I. Bisang, Distribution and habitats of peat mosses, Sphagnum, in Switzerland, Lindbergia, vol.26, pp.8-22, 2001.

A. Francez, S. Gogo, and J. N. , Distribution of potential CO2 and CH4 productions, denitrification and microbial biomass C and N in the profileof a restored peatland in Brittany (France), European Journal of Soil Biology, vol.36, issue.3-4, pp.161-68, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S1164-5563(00)01057-8

A. Francez and H. Vasander, Peat accumulation and peat decomposition after human disturbance in French and Finnish mires, Acta Oecol, vol.16, pp.599-608, 1995.

D. Gilbert, C. Amblard, G. Bourdier, and A. Francez, The Microbial Loop at the Surface of a Peatland:Structure, Function, and Impact of Nutrient Input, Microbial Ecology, vol.35, issue.1, pp.83-93, 1998.
DOI : 10.1007/s002489900062

J. Gibbs, Importance of small wetlands for the persistence of local populations of wetland-associated animals, Wetlands, vol.284, issue.34, pp.25-31, 1993.
DOI : 10.1007/BF03160862

M. Girard, C. Lavoie, and M. Theriault, The Regeneration of a Highly Disturbed Ecosystem: A Mined Peatland in Southern Qu??bec, Ecosystems, vol.5, issue.3, pp.274-88, 2002.
DOI : 10.1007/s10021-001-0071-7

E. Gorham, Human influences on the health of northern peatlands, Trans Roy Soc Can, vol.6, pp.199-208, 1991.

E. Gorham, Northern Peatlands: Role in the Carbon Cycle and Probable Responses to Climatic Warming, Ecological Applications, vol.1, issue.2, pp.182-95, 1991.
DOI : 10.2307/1941811

E. Gorham and L. Rochefort, Peatland restoration: a brief assessment with special reference to Sphagnum bogs, Wetlands Ecology and Management, vol.11, issue.1/2, pp.109-128, 2003.
DOI : 10.1023/A:1022065723511

P. Grosvernier, Y. Matthey, and A. Buttler, Microclimate and physical properties of peat: new clues to the understanding of bog restoration processes Restoration of temperate wetlands, pp.437-50, 1995.

L. Halsey, D. Vitt, and I. Bauer, Peatland initiation during the Holocene in continental western Canada, Climatic Change, vol.40, issue.2, pp.315-342, 1998.
DOI : 10.1023/A:1005425124749

L. Halsey, D. Vitt, and L. Gignac, -dominated Peatlands in North America Since the Last Glacial Maximum: Their Occurrence and Extent, The Bryologist, vol.103, issue.2, pp.334-52, 2000.
DOI : 10.1639/0007-2745(2000)103[0334:SDPINA]2.0.CO;2

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00162139

R. Heikkilä and T. Lindholm, Conservation of the biodiversity of mires in Finland, 2000.

L. Rochefort and J. Daigle, Sustaining our peatlands, Proceedings of the 11th International Peat Congress, pp.1038-1081, 2000.

H. Joosten and C. D. , The wise use of mires and peatlands. International Mire Conservation Group and International Peat Society, 2002.

A. Kasimir-klemedtsson, L. Klemedtsson, and K. Berglund, Greenhouse gas emissions from farmed organic soils: a review, Soil Use and Management, vol.43, issue.s4, pp.245-50, 1997.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-2389.1995.tb01350.x

E. Lappalainen, Global peat resources Jyskä, Finland: International Peat Society. Lee JA. 1998. Unintentional experiments with terrestrial ecosystems: ecological effects of sulfur and nitrogen pollutants, J Ecol, vol.86, pp.1-12, 1996.

R. Lindsay, Peatland conservation ??? from cinders to Cinderella, Biodiversity & Conservation, vol.2, issue.5, pp.528-568, 1993.
DOI : 10.1007/BF00056746

Y. Matthey, Conditions écologiques de la régénération spontanée du Sphagnion magellanici dans le Jura Suisse (typologie, pédologie, hydrodynamique et micro-météorologie), 1996.

M. Mazerolle, B. Drolet, and A. Desrochers, Small-mammal responses to peat mining of southeastern Canadian bogs, Canadian Journal of Zoology, vol.79, issue.2, pp.296-302, 2001.
DOI : 10.1139/z00-202

E. Mitchell, A. Buttler, B. Warner, and J. Gobat, peatlands in the Jura mountains, Switzerland and France, ??coscience, vol.6, issue.4, pp.565-76, 1999.
DOI : 10.1080/11956860.1999.11682555

E. Mitchell, A. Buttler, and P. Grosvernier, Relationships among testate amoebae (Protozoa), vegetation and water chemistry in five Sphagnum-dominated peatlands in Europe, New Phytologist, vol.145, issue.1, pp.95-106, 2000.
DOI : 10.1046/j.1469-8137.2000.00550.x

E. Mitchell, A. Buttler, and P. Grosvernier, supply on two keystone species in peatland restoration and implications for global change, Journal of Ecology, vol.6, issue.3, pp.529-562, 2002.
DOI : 10.1046/j.1365-2745.2002.00679.x

W. Mitsch and J. Gosselink, The future of cool temperate bogs, Environ Conserv, vol.29, pp.3-20, 2000.

J. Price and G. Whitehead, Developing hydrologic thresholds for Sphagnum recolonization on an abandoned cutover bog, Wetlands, vol.17, issue.1, pp.32-40, 2001.
DOI : 10.1672/0277-5212(2001)021[0032:DHTFSR]2.0.CO;2

J. Price, L. Rochefort, and S. Campeau, Use of Shallow Basins to Restore Cutover Peatlands: Hydrology, Restoration Ecology, vol.62, issue.2, pp.259-66, 2002.
DOI : 10.1029/1999WR900126

E. Robert, L. Rochefort, and M. Garneau, Natural revegetation of two block-cut mined peatlands in eastern Canada, Can J Bot, vol.77, pp.447-59, 1999.

L. Rochefort, ???A Keystone Genus in Habitat Restoration, The Bryologist, vol.103, issue.3, pp.503-511, 2000.
DOI : 10.1639/0007-2745(2000)103[0503:SAKGIH]2.0.CO;2

L. Rochefort and D. Bastien, R??introduction de sphaignes dans une tourbi??re exploit??e : ??valuation de divers moyens de protection contre la dessiccation, ??coscience, vol.5, issue.1, pp.117-144, 1998.
DOI : 10.1080/11956860.1998.11682448

A. Schilstra, How sustainable is the use of peat for commercial energy production?, Ecological Economics, vol.39, issue.2, pp.285-93, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0921-8009(01)00216-6

A. Soro, S. Sundberg, and R. H. , Species diversity, niche metrics and species associations in harvested and undisturbed bogs, Journal of Vegetation Science, vol.18, issue.4, pp.549-60, 1999.
DOI : 10.2307/3237189

B. Warner and J. Chmielewski, Testate Amoebae (Protozoa) as Indicators of Drainage in a Forested Mire, Northern Ontario, Canada, Archiv f??r Protistenkunde, vol.141, issue.3, pp.179-83, 1992.
DOI : 10.1016/S0003-9365(11)80067-9