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The solubility of sulphur in hydrous rhyolitic melts.

Abstract : Experiments performed at 2 kbar, in the temperature range 800–1000°C, with fO2 between NNO–2·3 and NNO+2·9 (where NNO is the nickel–nickel oxide buffer), and varying amounts of sulphur added to hydrous metaluminous rhyolite bulk compositions, were used to constrain the solubility of sulphur in rhyolite melts. The results show that fS2 exerts a dominant control on the sulphur solubility in hydrous silicate melts and that, depending on fO2, a rhyolitic melt can reach sulphur contents close to 1000 ppm at high fS2. At fO2 below NNO+1, the addition of iron to a sulphur-bearing rhyolite magma produces massive crystallization of pyrrhotite and does not enhance the sulphur solubility of the melt. For a given fO2, the melt-sulphur-content increases with fS2. For fixed fO2 and fS2, temperature exerts a positive control on sulphur solubilities, at least for fO2 below NNO+1. The mole fraction of dissolved sulphur exhibits essentially linear dependence on fH2S at low fO2 and, although the experimental evidence is less clear, on fSO2 at high fO2. The minimum in sulphur solubility corresponds to the redox range where both fH2S and fSO2 are approximately equal. A thermodynamic model of sulphur solubility in hydrous rhyolite melts is derived assuming that total dissolved sulphur results from the additive effects of H2S and SO2 dissolution reactions. The model reproduces well the minimum of sulphur solubility at around NNO+1, in addition to the variation of the sulphide to sulphate ratio with fO2. A simple empirical model of sulphur solubility in rhyolitic melts is derived, and shows good correspondence between model and observations for high-silica rhyolites.
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Béatrice Clémente, Bruno Scaillet, Michel Pichavant. The solubility of sulphur in hydrous rhyolitic melts.. Journal of Petrology, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2004, 45, pp.11, 2171-2196. ⟨10.1093/petrology/egh052⟩. ⟨hal-00023888⟩

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