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Early diagenesis of carbohydrates and lignin in mangrove sediments subject to variable redox conditions (French Guiana).

Abstract : A comparative study of lignin and neutral carbohydrate compositions, combined with C, N and δ13C analyses, was carried out on sedimentary cores, and on various vascular plant species collected in mangrove swamps of French Guiana. The main purpose of this study was to assess the diagenesis of carbohydrates and lignin in brackish to hypersaline fine-grained mangrove sediments characterized by great changes in redox conditions. Distribution of carbohydrates in sediments reflects both the lability of these compounds and their efficient recycling. They are subject to selective degradation, cellulosic glucose and xylose appearing to be the two most labile neutral sugars. In contrast a relative increase in arabinose, rhamnose, fucose and hemicellulosic glucose between plants and sediments, suggests that they may be more refractory and/or that they also derive from microbial synthesis. The total carbon from lignin-derived phenols is higher in sediments than in mangrove plants as a consequence of their rather refractory character. Nevertheless, evidence of lignin decomposition was found to be independent of local environmental conditions. The various redox processes that occur in mangrove sediments depend on plant species, stages in forest development and season. Different redox conditions induce different mechanisms for the decomposition of lignin and thus induce changes in phenol distributions. At depth, in most mangroves, an increase in (Ad/Al)v ratios and in deoxy sugars (fucose and rhamnose) content was significantly correlated with increased proportions of oxidized allochthonous organic debris deriving from the Amazonian detrital discharge, thus suggesting a specific source effect rather than a diagenesis induced change. Therefore, this study illustrates that both lignin and cellulose, derived from vascular plant debris, can be degraded in waterlogged mangrove sediments, and that their distribution depends on environmental conditions.
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Contributor : Nathalie POTHIER Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, May 23, 2006 - 2:50:38 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 19, 2021 - 6:59:09 PM
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Cyril Marchand, Jean-Robert Disnar, Elisabeth Lallier-Vergès, Nathalie Lottier. Early diagenesis of carbohydrates and lignin in mangrove sediments subject to variable redox conditions (French Guiana).. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Elsevier, 2005, 69, pp.1, 131-142. ⟨10.1016/j.gca.2004.06.016⟩. ⟨hal-00023446⟩



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