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Late Oligocene post-obduction granitoids of New Caledonia: A case for reactivated subduction and slab break-off.

Abstract : In southern New Caledonia, Late Oligocene granodiorite and adamellite are intruded into an ultramafic allochthon emplaced in the Late Eocene period. Previous studies of these granitoids proposed an origin associated with the melting of the underlying continental crust, but our new data show that these high-K to medium-K calc-alkaline granitoids display the geochemical and isotopic features of volcanic arc magmas uncontaminated by crust-derived melts. These magmas were probably generated in a post-Eocene and pre-Miocene subduction, the geophysical traces of which have been detected along the western coast of New Caledonia. Sr, Nd and Pb isotopic ratios indicate derivation from an almost isotopically homogeneous mantle wedge, but in contrast, some variation in trace element ratios uncorrelated to differentiation is indicative of source heterogeneity. Prominent heavy rare earth element (HREE) depletion of some of the younger granitoids may be the result of an equilibrium achieved with garnet-bearing subcrustal material (granulite) found as xenoliths, while a relative Nb, Ta and Hf enrichment, irrespective of crystal fractionation, may be related to either a modest contamination by previously underplated mafic material, heterogeneous hydration of the mantle wedge, or mixing with uplifted Nb-rich mantle. Post-obduction slab break-off can be proposed to have played a role in sublithospheric mantle mixing and the subsequent heterogeneity. The Late Oligocene subduction described here may be tentatively extended southward into northern New Zealand allochthons.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 25, 2006 - 1:34:07 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 4:09:31 AM

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Dominique Cluzel, Delphine Bosch, Jean-Louis Paquette, Yves Lemennicier, Philippe Montjoie, et al.. Late Oligocene post-obduction granitoids of New Caledonia: A case for reactivated subduction and slab break-off.. The Island Arc, 2005, 14, pp.254-271. ⟨10.1111/j.1440-1738.2005.00470.x⟩. ⟨hal-00023364⟩

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