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Development of igneous layering during growth of pluton: The Tarçouate Laccolith (Morocco).

Abstract : We discuss the significance of igneous layering with respect to pluton growth processes. The case study is the Tarçouate Laccolith (Morocco), whose core consists of modally layered hornblende granodiorites with high amount of monzodioritic enclaves, contrasting with peripheral, non-layered biotite granodiorites with low amount of enclaves. Rhythmic layering, with modal grading, cross-stratification and trough layering is associated with monzodioritic layers and wraps around mafic enclaves. Its steep dips ≥ 45° result from tilting that occurred above solidus conditions, as indicated by sub-vertical and synmagmatic granite, aplite and monzodiorite dykes cutting across the layering. The systematic association of igneous layering with mafic enclaves in calc-alkaline plutons suggests that layering originates from recurrent injection of mafic magma. Viscosity calculations suggest that the physicochemical properties of magma alone cannot account for the presence of layering in the central hornblende granodiorite and its coeval absence in the peripheral biotite granodiorite of the Tarçouate Laccolith. Intermittent pulses of hot mafic magma into crystallizing granodiorite likely produced thermal perturbations able to trigger local convection, formation of mafic enclaves and development of igneous layering through protracted crystallization.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 30, 2006 - 3:15:07 PM
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José Pons, P. Barbey, H. Nachit, Jean-Pierre Burg. Development of igneous layering during growth of pluton: The Tarçouate Laccolith (Morocco).. Tectonophysics, Elsevier, 2006, 413, pp.3-4, 271-286. ⟨10.1016/j.tecto.2005.11.005⟩. ⟨hal-00022878⟩

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