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Transcripts’ Evolutionary History and Structural Dynamics Give Mechanistic Insights into the Functional Diversity of the JNK Family

Abstract : Alternative splicing and alternative initiation/termination transcription sites have the potential to greatly expand the proteome in eukaryotes by producing several transcript isoforms from the same gene. Although these mechanisms are well described at the genomic level, little is known about their contribution to protein evolution and their impact at the protein structure level. Here, we address both issues by reconstructing the evolutionary history of transcripts and by modeling the tertiary structures of the corresponding protein isoforms. We reconstruct phylogenetic forests relating 60 protein-coding transcripts from the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) family observed in seven species. We identify two alternative splicing events of ancient origin and show that they induce subtle changes in the protein’s structural dynamics. We highlight a previously uncharacterized transcript whose predicted structure seems stable in solution. We further demonstrate that orphan transcripts, for which no phylogeny could be reconstructed, display peculiar sequence and structural properties. Our approach is implemented in PhyloSofS (Phylogenies of Splicing Isoforms Structures), a fully automated computational tool freely available at https://github.com/PhyloSofS-Team/PhyloSofS.
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Submitted on : Monday, June 29, 2020 - 4:46:26 PM
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Adel Ait-Hamlat, Diego Javier Zea, Antoine Labeeuw, Lélia Polit, Hugues Richard, et al.. Transcripts’ Evolutionary History and Structural Dynamics Give Mechanistic Insights into the Functional Diversity of the JNK Family. Journal of Molecular Biology, Elsevier, 2020, 432 (7), pp.2121-2140. ⟨10.1016/j.jmb.2020.01.032⟩. ⟨hal-02884145⟩

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