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Higher Magnetic Fields, Finer MOF Structural Information: 17 O Solid-State NMR at 35.2 T

Abstract : The spectroscopic study of oxygen, a vital element in materials, physical, and life sciences, is of tremendous fundamental and practical importance. 17O solid-state NMR (SSNMR) spectroscopy has evolved into an ideal site-specific characterization tool, furnishing valuable information on the local geometric and bonding environments about chemically distinct and, in some favorable cases, crystallographically inequivalent oxygen sites. However, 17O is a challenging nucleus to study via SSNMR, as it suffers from low sensitivity and resolution, owing to the quadrupolar interaction and low 17O natural abundance. Herein, we report a significant advance in 17O SSNMR spectroscopy. 17O isotopic enrichment and the use of an ultrahigh 35.2 T magnetic field have unlocked the identification of many inequivalent carboxylate oxygen sites in the as-made and activated phases of the metal–organic framework (MOF) α-Mg3(HCOO)6. The subtle 17O spectral differences between the as-made and activated phases yield detailed information about host–guest interactions, including insight into nonconventional O···H–C hydrogen bonding. Such weak interactions often play key roles in the applications of MOFs, such as gas adsorption and biomedicine, and are usually difficult to study via other characterization routes. The power of performing 17O SSNMR experiments at an ultrahigh magnetic field of 35.2 T for MOF characterization is further demonstrated by examining activation of the MIL-53(Al) MOF. The sensitivity and resolution enhanced at 35.2 T allows partially and fully activated MIL-53(Al) to be unambiguously distinguished and also permits several oxygen environments in the partially activated phase to be tentatively identified. This demonstration of the very high resolution of 17O SSNMR recorded at the highest magnetic field accessible to chemists to date illustrates how a broad variety of scientists can now study oxygen-containing materials and obtain previously inaccessible fine structural information.
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Submitted on : Saturday, August 29, 2020 - 12:38:23 AM
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Vinicius Martins, Jun Xu, Xiaoling Wang, Kuizhi Chen, Ivan Hung, et al.. Higher Magnetic Fields, Finer MOF Structural Information: 17 O Solid-State NMR at 35.2 T. Journal of the American Chemical Society, American Chemical Society, 2020, 142 (35), pp.14877-14889. ⟨10.1021/jacs.0c02810⟩. ⟨hal-02925283⟩

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