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Thrust Belts and Foreland Basins, Olivier Lacombe ; François Roure ; Jérôme Lavé ; Jaume Vergés (Ed.) (2007) 351 à 366
Offshore Frontal Part of the Makran Accretionary Prism: The Chamak Survey (Pakistan)
Nadine Ellouz-Zimmermann 1, Siegfried Lallemant 2, Raymi Castilla 1, Nicolas Mouchot 2, Pascale Leturmy 2, Anne Battani 1, Christophe Buret 3, Louis Cherel 1, Guy Desaubliaux 1, Eric Deville 1, J. Ferrand 1, A. Lügcke 4, Geoffroy Mahieux 3, Georges Mascle 5, P. Mühr 4, Anne-Catherine Pierson-Wickmann 6, Philippe Robion 2, Julien Schmitz 1, M. Danish 7, S. Hasany 7, A. Shahzad 8, A. Tabreez 7
(2007)

The Makran accretionary prism developed in the north-western part of the Indian Ocean as a consequence of the subduction of the Arabian Sea since Late Cretaceous times. It extends from southern Iran to the Baluchistan region of Pakistan where it joins the Chaman-Ornach-Nal left-lateral strike-slip fault systems to the north and the Owen Fracture Zone-Murray Ridge transtensional (right-lateral) system to the south in a complex triple junction near the city of Karachi. In September to October of 2004, we surveyed most of the accretionary complex off Pakistan with R/V Marion Dufresne. We achieved a nearly continuous bathymetric mapping of the prism and the subduction trench from 62°30′E to the triple junction near 62°30′E together with nearly 1000 km of seismic reflection (13 lines) and we took 18 piston cores in different geological settings. One of the main results is that the frontal part of the Makran accretionary prism is less two-dimensional than previously expected. We interpret the along-strike tectonic variation as a consequence of lateral variations in sediment deposition as well as a consequence of the under-thrusting of a series of basement highs and finally of the vicinity to the triple junction.
1 :  IFP Energies Nouvelles (IFPEN)
IFP Energies Nouvelles
2 :  Laboratoire de tectonique (LT)
CNRS : UMR7072 – INSU – Université Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC) - Paris VI – Université de Cergy Pontoise
3 :  Laboratoire de Géologie
Université de Picardie Jules Verne
4 :  Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe (BGR)
Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe
5 :  Laboratoire de géodynamique des chaines alpines (LGCA)
CNRS : UMR5025 – OSUG – INSU – Université de Savoie – Université Joseph Fourier - Grenoble I
6 :  Géosciences Rennes (GR)
CNRS : UMR6118 – INSU – Centre Armoricain de Recherches en Environnement – Université de Rennes 1
7 :  National Institute of Oceanography (NIO)
National Institute of Oceanography
8 :  Pakistany Navy
Pakistany Navy